Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
- The concubine of old Tithonus now
- Gleamed white upon the eastern balcony,
- Forth from the arms of her sweet paramour;
- With gems her forehead all relucent was,
- Set in the shape of that cold animal
- Which with its tail doth smite amain the nations,
- And of the steps, with which she mounts, the Night
- Had taken two in that place where we were,
- And now the third was bending down its wings;
- When I, who something had of Adam in me,
- Vanquished by sleep, upon the grass reclined,
- There were all five of us already sat.
- Just at the hour when her sad lay begins
- The little swallow, near unto the morning,
- Perchance in memory of her former woes,
- And when the mind of man, a wanderer
- More from the flesh, and less by thought imprisoned,
- Almost prophetic in its visions is,
- In dreams it seemed to me I saw suspended
- An eagle in the sky, with plumes of gold,
- With wings wide open, and intent to stoop,
- And this, it seemed to me, was where had been
- By Ganymede his kith and kin abandoned,
- When to the high consistory he was rapt.
- I thought within myself, perchance he strikes
- From habit only here, and from elsewhere
- Disdains to bear up any in his feet.
- Then wheeling somewhat more, it seemed to me,
- Terrible as the lightning he descended,
- And snatched me upward even to the fire.
- Therein it seemed that he and I were burning,
- And the imagined fire did scorch me so,
- That of necessity my sleep was broken.
- Not otherwise Achilles started up,
- Around him turning his awakened eyes,
- And knowing not the place in which he was,
- What time from Chiron stealthily his mother
- Carried him sleeping in her arms to Scyros,
- Wherefrom the Greeks withdrew him afterwards,
- Than I upstarted, when from off my face
- Sleep fled away; and pallid I became,
- As doth the man who freezes with affright.
- Only my Comforter was at my side,
- And now the sun was more than two hours high,
- And turned towards the sea-shore was my face.
- "Be not intimidated," said my Lord,
- "Be reassured, for all is well with us;
- Do not restrain, but put forth all thy strength.
- Thou hast at length arrived at Purgatory;
- See there the cliff that closes it around;
- See there the entrance, where it seems disjoined.
- Whilom at dawn, which doth precede the day,
- When inwardly thy spirit was asleep
- Upon the flowers that deck the land below,
- There came a Lady and said: 'I am Lucia;
- Let me take this one up, who is asleep;
- So will I make his journey easier for him.'
- Sordello and the other noble shapes
- Remained; she took thee, and, as day grew bright,
- Upward she came, and I upon her footsteps.
- She laid thee here; and first her beauteous eyes
- That open entrance pointed out to me;
- Then she and sleep together went away."
- In guise of one whose doubts are reassured,
- And who to confidence his fear doth change,
- After the truth has been discovered to him,
- So did I change; and when without disquiet
- My Leader saw me, up along the cliff
- He moved, and I behind him, tow'rd the height.
- Reader, thou seest well how I exalt
- My theme, and therefore if with greater art
- I fortify it, marvel not thereat.
- Nearer approached we, and were in such place,
- That there, where first appeared to me a rift
- Like to a crevice that disparts a wall,
- I saw a portal, and three stairs beneath,
- Diverse in colour, to go up to it,
- And a gate-keeper, who yet spake no word.
- And as I opened more and more mine eyes,
- I saw him seated on the highest stair,
- Such in the face that I endured it not.
- And in his hand he had a naked sword,
- Which so reflected back the sunbeams tow'rds us,
- That oft in vain I lifted up mine eyes.
- "Tell it from where you are, what is't you wish?"
- Began he to exclaim; "where is the escort?
- Take heed your coming hither harm you not!"
- "A Lady of Heaven, with these things conversant,"
- My Master answered him, "but even now
- Said to us, 'Thither go; there is the portal.'"
- "And may she speed your footsteps in all good,"
- Again began the courteous janitor;
- "Come forward then unto these stairs of ours."
- Thither did we approach; and the first stair
- Was marble white, so polished and so smooth,
- I mirrored myself therein as I appear.
- The second, tinct of deeper hue than perse,
- Was of a calcined and uneven stone,
- Cracked all asunder lengthwise and across.
- The third, that uppermost rests massively,
- Porphyry seemed to me, as flaming red
- As blood that from a vein is spirting forth.
- Both of his feet was holding upon this
- The Angel of God, upon the threshold seated,
- Which seemed to me a stone of diamond.
- Along the three stairs upward with good will
- Did my Conductor draw me, saying: "Ask
- Humbly that he the fastening may undo."
- Devoutly at the holy feet I cast me,
- For mercy's sake besought that he would open,
- But first upon my breast three times I smote.
- Seven P's upon my forehead he described
- With the sword's point, and, "Take heed that thou wash
- These wounds, when thou shalt be within," he said.
- Ashes, or earth that dry is excavated,
- Of the same colour were with his attire,
- And from beneath it he drew forth two keys.
- One was of gold, and the other was of silver;
- First with the white, and after with the yellow,
- Plied he the door, so that I was content.
- "Whenever faileth either of these keys
- So that it turn not rightly in the lock,"
- He said to us, "this entrance doth not open.
- More precious one is, but the other needs
- More art and intellect ere it unlock,
- For it is that which doth the knot unloose.
- From Peter I have them; and he bade me err
- Rather in opening than in keeping shut,
- If people but fall down before my feet."
- Then pushed the portals of the sacred door,
- Exclaiming: "Enter; but I give you warning
- That forth returns whoever looks behind."
- And when upon their hinges were turned round
- The swivels of that consecrated gate,
- Which are of metal, massive and sonorous,
- Roared not so loud, nor so discordant seemed
- Tarpeia, when was ta'en from it the good
- Metellus, wherefore meagre it remained.
- At the first thunder-peal I turned attentive,
- And "Te Deum laudamus" seemed to hear
- In voices mingled with sweet melody.
- Exactly such an image rendered me
- That which I heard, as we are wont to catch,
- When people singing with the organ stand;
- For now we hear, and now hear not, the words.