Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
＋ Add to Library
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
- Beautiful Clemence, after that thy Charles
- Had me enlightened, he narrated to me
- The treacheries his seed should undergo;
- But said: "Be still and let the years roll round;"
- So I can only say, that lamentation
- Legitimate shall follow on your wrongs.
- And of that holy light the life already
- Had to the Sun which fills it turned again,
- As to that good which for each thing sufficeth.
- Ah, souls deceived, and creatures impious,
- Who from such good do turn away your hearts,
- Directing upon vanity your foreheads!
- And now, behold, another of those splendours
- Approached me, and its will to pleasure me
- It signified by brightening outwardly.
- The eyes of Beatrice, that fastened were
- Upon me, as before, of dear assent
- To my desire assurance gave to me.
- "Ah, bring swift compensation to my wish,
- Thou blessed spirit," I said, "and give me proof
- That what I think in thee I can reflect!"
- Whereat the light, that still was new to me,
- Out of its depths, whence it before was singing,
- As one delighted to do good, continued:
- "Within that region of the land depraved
- Of Italy, that lies between Rialto
- And fountain-heads of Brenta and of Piava,
- Rises a hill, and mounts not very high,
- Wherefrom descended formerly a torch
- That made upon that region great assault.
- Out of one root were born both I and it;
- Cunizza was I called, and here I shine
- Because the splendour of this star o'ercame me.
- But gladly to myself the cause I pardon
- Of my allotment, and it does not grieve me;
- Which would perhaps seem strong unto your vulgar.
- Of this so luculent and precious jewel,
- Which of our heaven is nearest unto me,
- Great fame remained; and ere it die away
- This hundredth year shall yet quintupled be.
- See if man ought to make him excellent,
- So that another life the first may leave!
- And thus thinks not the present multitude
- Shut in by Adige and Tagliamento,
- Nor yet for being scourged is penitent.
- But soon 'twill be that Padua in the marsh
- Will change the water that Vicenza bathes,
- Because the folk are stubborn against duty;
- And where the Sile and Cagnano join
- One lordeth it, and goes with lofty head,
- For catching whom e'en now the net is making.
- Feltro moreover of her impious pastor
- Shall weep the crime, which shall so monstrous be
- That for the like none ever entered Malta.
- Ample exceedingly would be the vat
- That of the Ferrarese could hold the blood,
- And weary who should weigh it ounce by ounce,
- Of which this courteous priest shall make a gift
- To show himself a partisan; and such gifts
- Will to the living of the land conform.
- Above us there are mirrors, Thrones you call them,
- From which shines out on us God Judicant,
- So that this utterance seems good to us."
- Here it was silent, and it had the semblance
- Of being turned elsewhither, by the wheel
- On which it entered as it was before.
- The other joy, already known to me,
- Became a thing transplendent in my sight,
- As a fine ruby smitten by the sun.
- Through joy effulgence is acquired above,
- As here a smile; but down below, the shade
- Outwardly darkens, as the mind is sad.
- "God seeth all things, and in Him, blest spirit,
- Thy sight is," said I, "so that never will
- Of his can possibly from thee be hidden;
- Thy voice, then, that for ever makes the heavens
- Glad, with the singing of those holy fires
- Which of their six wings make themselves a cowl,
- Wherefore does it not satisfy my longings?
- Indeed, I would not wait thy questioning
- If I in thee were as thou art in me."
- "The greatest of the valleys where the water
- Expands itself," forthwith its words began,
- "That sea excepted which the earth engarlands,
- Between discordant shores against the sun
- Extends so far, that it meridian makes
- Where it was wont before to make the horizon.
- I was a dweller on that valley's shore
- 'Twixt Ebro and Magra that with journey short
- Doth from the Tuscan part the Genoese.
- With the same sunset and same sunrise nearly
- Sit Buggia and the city whence I was,
- That with its blood once made the harbour hot.
- Folco that people called me unto whom
- My name was known; and now with me this heaven
- Imprints itself, as I did once with it;
- For more the daughter of Belus never burned,
- Offending both Sichaeus and Creusa,
- Than I, so long as it became my locks,
- Nor yet that Rodophean, who deluded
- was by Demophoon, nor yet Alcides,
- When Iole he in his heart had locked.
- Yet here is no repenting, but we smile,
- Not at the fault, which comes not back to mind,
- But at the power which ordered and foresaw.
- Here we behold the art that doth adorn
- With such affection, and the good discover
- Whereby the world above turns that below.
- But that thou wholly satisfied mayst bear
- Thy wishes hence which in this sphere are born,
- Still farther to proceed behoveth me.
- Thou fain wouldst know who is within this light
- That here beside me thus is scintillating,
- Even as a sunbeam in the limpid water.
- Then know thou, that within there is at rest
- Rahab, and being to our order joined,
- With her in its supremest grade 'tis sealed.
- Into this heaven, where ends the shadowy cone
- Cast by your world, before all other souls
- First of Christ's triumph was she taken up.
- Full meet it was to leave her in some heaven,
- Even as a palm of the high victory
- Which he acquired with one palm and the other,
- Because she favoured the first glorious deed
- Of Joshua upon the Holy Land,
- That little stirs the memory of the Pope.
- Thy city, which an offshoot is of him
- Who first upon his Maker turned his back,
- And whose ambition is so sorely wept,
- Brings forth and scatters the accursed flower
- Which both the sheep and lambs hath led astray
- Since it has turned the shepherd to a wolf.
- For this the Evangel and the mighty Doctors
- Are derelict, and only the Decretals
- So studied that it shows upon their margins.
- On this are Pope and Cardinals intent;
- Their meditations reach not Nazareth,
- There where his pinions Gabriel unfolded;
- But Vatican and the other parts elect
- Of Rome, which have a cemetery been
- Unto the soldiery that followed Peter
- Shall soon be free from this adultery."