Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
- I had already from those shades departed,
- And followed in the footsteps of my Guide,
- When from behind, pointing his finger at me,
- One shouted: "See, it seems as if shone not
- The sunshine on the left of him below,
- And like one living seems he to conduct him."
- Mine eyes I turned at utterance of these words,
- And saw them watching with astonishment
- But me, but me, and the light which was broken!
- "Why doth thy mind so occupy itself,"
- The Master said, "that thou thy pace dost slacken?
- What matters it to thee what here is whispered?
- Come after me, and let the people talk;
- Stand like a steadfast tower, that never wags
- Its top for all the blowing of the winds;
- For evermore the man in whom is springing
- Thought upon thought, removes from him the mark,
- Because the force of one the other weakens."
- What could I say in answer but "I come"?
- I said it somewhat with that colour tinged
- Which makes a man of pardon sometimes worthy.
- Meanwhile along the mountain-side across
- Came people in advance of us a little,
- Singing the Miserere verse by verse.
- When they became aware I gave no place
- For passage of the sunshine through my body,
- They changed their song into a long, hoarse "Oh!"
- And two of them, in form of messengers,
- Ran forth to meet us, and demanded of us,
- "Of your condition make us cognisant."
- And said my Master: "Ye can go your way
- And carry back again to those who sent you,
- That this one's body is of very flesh.
- If they stood still because they saw his shadow,
- As I suppose, enough is answered them;
- Him let them honour, it may profit them."
- Vapours enkindled saw I ne'er so swiftly
- At early nightfall cleave the air serene,
- Nor, at the set of sun, the clouds of August,
- But upward they returned in briefer time,
- And, on arriving, with the others wheeled
- Tow'rds us, like troops that run without a rein.
- "This folk that presses unto us is great,
- And cometh to implore thee," said the Poet;
- "So still go onward, and in going listen."
- "O soul that goest to beatitude
- With the same members wherewith thou wast born,"
- Shouting they came, "a little stay thy steps,
- Look, if thou e'er hast any of us seen,
- So that o'er yonder thou bear news of him;
- Ah, why dost thou go on? Ah, why not stay?
- Long since we all were slain by violence,
- And sinners even to the latest hour;
- Then did a light from heaven admonish us,
- So that, both penitent and pardoning, forth
- From life we issued reconciled to God,
- Who with desire to see Him stirs our hearts."
- And I: "Although I gaze into your faces,
- No one I recognize; but if may please you
- Aught I have power to do, ye well-born spirits,
- Speak ye, and I will do it, by that peace
- Which, following the feet of such a Guide,
- From world to world makes itself sought by me."
- And one began: "Each one has confidence
- In thy good offices without an oath,
- Unless the I cannot cut off the I will;
- Whence I, who speak alone before the others,
- Pray thee, if ever thou dost see the land
- That 'twixt Romagna lies and that of Charles,
- Thou be so courteous to me of thy prayers
- In Fano, that they pray for me devoutly,
- That I may purge away my grave offences.
- From thence was I; but the deep wounds, through which
- Issued the blood wherein I had my seat,
- Were dealt me in bosom of the Antenori,
- There where I thought to be the most secure;
- 'Twas he of Este had it done, who held me
- In hatred far beyond what justice willed.
- But if towards the Mira I had fled,
- When I was overtaken at Oriaco,
- I still should be o'er yonder where men breathe.
- I ran to the lagoon, and reeds and mire
- Did so entangle me I fell, and saw there
- A lake made from my veins upon the ground."
- Then said another: "Ah, be that desire
- Fulfilled that draws thee to the lofty mountain,
- As thou with pious pity aidest mine.
- I was of Montefeltro, and am Buonconte;
- Giovanna, nor none other cares for me;
- Hence among these I go with downcast front."
- And I to him: "What violence or what chance
- Led thee astray so far from Campaldino,
- That never has thy sepulture been known?"
- "Oh," he replied, "at Casentino's foot
- A river crosses named Archiano, born
- Above the Hermitage in Apennine.
- There where the name thereof becometh void
- Did I arrive, pierced through and through the throat,
- Fleeing on foot, and bloodying the plain;
- There my sight lost I, and my utterance
- Ceased in the name of Mary, and thereat
- I fell, and tenantless my flesh remained.
- Truth will I speak, repeat it to the living;
- God's Angel took me up, and he of hell
- Shouted: 'O thou from heaven, why dost thou rob me?
- Thou bearest away the eternal part of him,
- For one poor little tear, that takes him from me;
- But with the rest I'll deal in other fashion!'
- Well knowest thou how in the air is gathered
- That humid vapour which to water turns,
- Soon as it rises where the cold doth grasp it.
- He joined that evil will, which aye seeks evil,
- To intellect, and moved the mist and wind
- By means of power, which his own nature gave;
- Thereafter, when the day was spent, the valley
- From Pratomagno to the great yoke covered
- With fog, and made the heaven above intent,
- So that the pregnant air to water changed;
- Down fell the rain, and to the gullies came
- Whate'er of it earth tolerated not;
- And as it mingled with the mighty torrents,
- Towards the royal river with such speed
- It headlong rushed, that nothing held it back.
- My frozen body near unto its outlet
- The robust Archian found, and into Arno
- Thrust it, and loosened from my breast the cross
- I made of me, when agony o'ercame me;
- It rolled me on the banks and on the bottom,
- Then with its booty covered and begirt me."
- "Ah, when thou hast returned unto the world,
- And rested thee from thy long journeying,"
- After the second followed the third spirit,
- "Do thou remember me who am the Pia;
- Siena made me, unmade me Maremma;
- He knoweth it, who had encircled first,
- Espousing me, my finger with his gem."