Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
- "Deus venerunt gentes," alternating
- Now three, now four, melodious psalmody
- The maidens in the midst of tears began;
- And Beatrice, compassionate and sighing,
- Listened to them with such a countenance,
- That scarce more changed was Mary at the cross.
- But when the other virgins place had given
- For her to speak, uprisen to her feet
- With colour as of fire, she made response:
- "'Modicum, et non videbitis me;
- Et iterum,' my sisters predilect,
- 'Modicum, et vos videbitis me.'"
- Then all the seven in front of her she placed;
- And after her, by beckoning only, moved
- Me and the lady and the sage who stayed.
- So she moved onward; and I do not think
- That her tenth step was placed upon the ground,
- When with her eyes upon mine eyes she smote,
- And with a tranquil aspect, "Come more quickly,"
- To me she said, "that, if I speak with thee,
- To listen to me thou mayst be well placed."
- As soon as I was with her as I should be,
- She said to me: "Why, brother, dost thou not
- Venture to question now, in coming with me?"
- As unto those who are too reverential,
- Speaking in presence of superiors,
- Who drag no living utterance to their teeth,
- It me befell, that without perfect sound
- Began I: "My necessity, Madonna,
- You know, and that which thereunto is good."
- And she to me: "Of fear and bashfulness
- Henceforward I will have thee strip thyself,
- So that thou speak no more as one who dreams.
- Know that the vessel which the serpent broke
- Was, and is not; but let him who is guilty
- Think that God's vengeance does not fear a sop.
- Without an heir shall not for ever be
- The Eagle that left his plumes upon the car,
- Whence it became a monster, then a prey;
- For verily I see, and hence narrate it,
- The stars already near to bring the time,
- From every hindrance safe, and every bar,
- Within which a Five-hundred, Ten, and Five,
- One sent from God, shall slay the thievish woman
- And that same giant who is sinning with her.
- And peradventure my dark utterance,
- Like Themis and the Sphinx, may less persuade thee,
- Since, in their mode, it clouds the intellect;
- But soon the facts shall be the Naiades
- Who shall this difficult enigma solve,
- Without destruction of the flocks and harvests.
- Note thou; and even as by me are uttered
- These words, so teach them unto those who live
- That life which is a running unto death;
- And bear in mind, whene'er thou writest them,
- Not to conceal what thou hast seen the plant,
- That twice already has been pillaged here.
- Whoever pillages or shatters it,
- With blasphemy of deed offendeth God,
- Who made it holy for his use alone.
- For biting that, in pain and in desire
- Five thousand years and more the first-born soul
- Craved Him, who punished in himself the bite.
- Thy genius slumbers, if it deem it not
- For special reason so pre-eminent
- In height, and so inverted in its summit.
- And if thy vain imaginings had not been
- Water of Elsa round about thy mind,
- And Pyramus to the mulberry, their pleasure,
- Thou by so many circumstances only
- The justice of the interdict of God
- Morally in the tree wouldst recognize.
- But since I see thee in thine intellect
- Converted into stone and stained with sin,
- So that the light of my discourse doth daze thee,
- I will too, if not written, at least painted,
- Thou bear it back within thee, for the reason
- That cinct with palm the pilgrim's staff is borne."
- And I: "As by a signet is the wax
- Which does not change the figure stamped upon it,
- My brain is now imprinted by yourself.
- But wherefore so beyond my power of sight
- Soars your desirable discourse, that aye
- The more I strive, so much the more I lose it?"
- "That thou mayst recognize," she said, "the school
- Which thou hast followed, and mayst see how far
- Its doctrine follows after my discourse,
- And mayst behold your path from the divine
- Distant as far as separated is
- From earth the heaven that highest hastens on."
- Whence her I answered: "I do not remember
- That ever I estranged myself from you,
- Nor have I conscience of it that reproves me."
- "And if thou art not able to remember,"
- Smiling she answered, "recollect thee now
- That thou this very day hast drunk of Lethe;
- And if from smoke a fire may be inferred,
- Such an oblivion clearly demonstrates
- Some error in thy will elsewhere intent.
- Truly from this time forward shall my words
- Be naked, so far as it is befitting
- To lay them open unto thy rude gaze."
- And more coruscant and with slower steps
- The sun was holding the meridian circle,
- Which, with the point of view, shifts here and there
- When halted (as he cometh to a halt,
- Who goes before a squadron as its escort,
- If something new he find upon his way)
- The ladies seven at a dark shadow's edge,
- Such as, beneath green leaves and branches black,
- The Alp upon its frigid border wears.
- In front of them the Tigris and Euphrates
- Methought I saw forth issue from one fountain,
- And slowly part, like friends, from one another.
- "O light, O glory of the human race!
- What stream is this which here unfolds itself
- From out one source, and from itself withdraws?"
- For such a prayer, 'twas said unto me, "Pray
- Matilda that she tell thee;" and here answered,
- As one does who doth free himself from blame,
- The beautiful lady: "This and other things
- Were told to him by me; and sure I am
- The water of Lethe has not hid them from him."
- And Beatrice: "Perhaps a greater care,
- Which oftentimes our memory takes away,
- Has made the vision of his mind obscure.
- But Eunoe behold, that yonder rises;
- Lead him to it, and, as thou art accustomed,
- Revive again the half-dead virtue in him."
- Like gentle soul, that maketh no excuse,
- But makes its own will of another's will
- As soon as by a sign it is disclosed,
- Even so, when she had taken hold of me,
- The beautiful lady moved, and unto Statius
- Said, in her womanly manner, "Come with him."
- If, Reader, I possessed a longer space
- For writing it, I yet would sing in part
- Of the sweet draught that ne'er would satiate me;
- But inasmuch as full are all the leaves
- Made ready for this second canticle,
- The curb of art no farther lets me go.
- From the most holy water I returned
- Regenerate, in the manner of new trees
- That are renewed with a new foliage,
- Pure and disposed to mount unto the stars.