Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
- Perchance six thousand miles remote from us
- Is glowing the sixth hour, and now this world
- Inclines its shadow almost to a level,
- When the mid-heaven begins to make itself
- So deep to us, that here and there a star
- Ceases to shine so far down as this depth,
- And as advances bright exceedingly
- The handmaid of the sun, the heaven is closed
- Light after light to the most beautiful;
- Not otherwise the Triumph, which for ever
- Plays round about the point that vanquished me,
- Seeming enclosed by what itself encloses,
- Little by little from my vision faded;
- Whereat to turn mine eyes on Beatrice
- My seeing nothing and my love constrained me.
- If what has hitherto been said of her
- Were all concluded in a single praise,
- Scant would it be to serve the present turn.
- Not only does the beauty I beheld
- Transcend ourselves, but truly I believe
- Its Maker only may enjoy it all.
- Vanquished do I confess me by this passage
- More than by problem of his theme was ever
- O'ercome the comic or the tragic poet;
- For as the sun the sight that trembles most,
- Even so the memory of that sweet smile
- My mind depriveth of its very self.
- From the first day that I beheld her face
- In this life, to the moment of this look,
- The sequence of my song has ne'er been severed;
- But now perforce this sequence must desist
- From following her beauty with my verse,
- As every artist at his uttermost.
- Such as I leave her to a greater fame
- Than any of my trumpet, which is bringing
- Its arduous matter to a final close,
- With voice and gesture of a perfect leader
- She recommenced: "We from the greatest body
- Have issued to the heaven that is pure light;
- Light intellectual replete with love,
- Love of true good replete with ecstasy,
- Ecstasy that transcendeth every sweetness.
- Here shalt thou see the one host and the other
- Of Paradise, and one in the same aspects
- Which at the final judgment thou shalt see."
- Even as a sudden lightning that disperses
- The visual spirits, so that it deprives
- The eye of impress from the strongest objects,
- Thus round about me flashed a living light,
- And left me swathed around with such a veil
- Of its effulgence, that I nothing saw.
- "Ever the Love which quieteth this heaven
- Welcomes into itself with such salute,
- To make the candle ready for its flame."
- No sooner had within me these brief words
- An entrance found, than I perceived myself
- To be uplifted over my own power,
- And I with vision new rekindled me,
- Such that no light whatever is so pure
- But that mine eyes were fortified against it.
- And light I saw in fashion of a river
- Fulvid with its effulgence, 'twixt two banks
- Depicted with an admirable Spring.
- Out of this river issued living sparks,
- And on all sides sank down into the flowers,
- Like unto rubies that are set in gold;
- And then, as if inebriate with the odours,
- They plunged again into the wondrous torrent,
- And as one entered issued forth another.
- "The high desire, that now inflames and moves thee
- To have intelligence of what thou seest,
- Pleaseth me all the more, the more it swells.
- But of this water it behoves thee drink
- Before so great a thirst in thee be slaked."
- Thus said to me the sunshine of mine eyes;
- And added: "The river and the topazes
- Going in and out, and the laughing of the herbage,
- Are of their truth foreshadowing prefaces;
- Not that these things are difficult in themselves,
- But the deficiency is on thy side,
- For yet thou hast not vision so exalted."
- There is no babe that leaps so suddenly
- With face towards the milk, if he awake
- Much later than his usual custom is,
- As I did, that I might make better mirrors
- Still of mine eyes, down stooping to the wave
- Which flows that we therein be better made.
- And even as the penthouse of mine eyelids
- Drank of it, it forthwith appeared to me
- Out of its length to be transformed to round.
- Then as a folk who have been under masks
- Seem other than before, if they divest
- The semblance not their own they disappeared in,
- Thus into greater pomp were changed for me
- The flowerets and the sparks, so that I saw
- Both of the Courts of Heaven made manifest.
- O splendour of God! by means of which I saw
- The lofty triumph of the realm veracious,
- Give me the power to say how it I saw!
- There is a light above, which visible
- Makes the Creator unto every creature,
- Who only in beholding Him has peace,
- And it expands itself in circular form
- To such extent, that its circumference
- Would be too large a girdle for the sun.
- The semblance of it is all made of rays
- Reflected from the top of Primal Motion,
- Which takes therefrom vitality and power.
- And as a hill in water at its base
- Mirrors itself, as if to see its beauty
- When affluent most in verdure and in flowers,
- So, ranged aloft all round about the light,
- Mirrored I saw in more ranks than a thousand
- All who above there have from us returned.
- And if the lowest row collect within it
- So great a light, how vast the amplitude
- Is of this Rose in its extremest leaves!
- My vision in the vastness and the height
- Lost not itself, but comprehended all
- The quantity and quality of that gladness.
- There near and far nor add nor take away;
- For there where God immediately doth govern,
- The natural law in naught is relevant.
- Into the yellow of the Rose Eternal
- That spreads, and multiplies, and breathes an odour
- Of praise unto the ever-vernal Sun,
- As one who silent is and fain would speak,
- Me Beatrice drew on, and said: "Behold
- Of the white stoles how vast the convent is!
- Behold how vast the circuit of our city!
- Behold our seats so filled to overflowing,
- That here henceforward are few people wanting!
- On that great throne whereon thine eyes are fixed
- For the crown's sake already placed upon it,
- Before thou suppest at this wedding feast
- Shall sit the soul (that is to be Augustus
- On earth) of noble Henry, who shall come
- To redress Italy ere she be ready.
- Blind covetousness, that casts its spell upon you,
- Has made you like unto the little child,
- Who dies of hunger and drives off the nurse.
- And in the sacred forum then shall be
- A Prefect such, that openly or covert
- On the same road he will not walk with him.
- But long of God he will not be endured
- In holy office; he shall be thrust down
- Where Simon Magus is for his deserts,
- And make him of Alagna lower go!"