Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
- That Sun, which erst with love my bosom warmed,
- Of beauteous truth had unto me discovered,
- By proving and reproving, the sweet aspect.
- And, that I might confess myself convinced
- And confident, so far as was befitting,
- I lifted more erect my head to speak.
- But there appeared a vision, which withdrew me
- So close to it, in order to be seen,
- That my confession I remembered not.
- Such as through polished and transparent glass,
- Or waters crystalline and undisturbed,
- But not so deep as that their bed be lost,
- Come back again the outlines of our faces
- So feeble, that a pearl on forehead white
- Comes not less speedily unto our eyes;
- Such saw I many faces prompt to speak,
- So that I ran in error opposite
- To that which kindled love 'twixt man and fountain.
- As soon as I became aware of them,
- Esteeming them as mirrored semblances,
- To see of whom they were, mine eyes I turned,
- And nothing saw, and once more turned them forward
- Direct into the light of my sweet Guide,
- Who smiling kindled in her holy eyes.
- "Marvel thou not," she said to me, "because
- I smile at this thy puerile conceit,
- Since on the truth it trusts not yet its foot,
- But turns thee, as 'tis wont, on emptiness.
- True substances are these which thou beholdest,
- Here relegate for breaking of some vow.
- Therefore speak with them, listen and believe;
- For the true light, which giveth peace to them,
- Permits them not to turn from it their feet."
- And I unto the shade that seemed most wishful
- To speak directed me, and I began,
- As one whom too great eagerness bewilders:
- "O well-created spirit, who in the rays
- Of life eternal dost the sweetness taste
- Which being untasted ne'er is comprehended,
- Grateful 'twill be to me, if thou content me
- Both with thy name and with your destiny."
- Whereat she promptly and with laughing eyes:
- "Our charity doth never shut the doors
- Against a just desire, except as one
- Who wills that all her court be like herself.
- I was a virgin sister in the world;
- And if thy mind doth contemplate me well,
- The being more fair will not conceal me from thee,
- But thou shalt recognise I am Piccarda,
- Who, stationed here among these other blessed,
- Myself am blessed in the slowest sphere.
- All our affections, that alone inflamed
- Are in the pleasure of the Holy Ghost,
- Rejoice at being of his order formed;
- And this allotment, which appears so low,
- Therefore is given us, because our vows
- Have been neglected and in some part void."
- Whence I to her: "In your miraculous aspects
- There shines I know not what of the divine,
- Which doth transform you from our first conceptions.
- Therefore I was not swift in my remembrance;
- But what thou tellest me now aids me so,
- That the refiguring is easier to me.
- But tell me, ye who in this place are happy,
- Are you desirous of a higher place,
- To see more or to make yourselves more friends?"
- First with those other shades she smiled a little;
- Thereafter answered me so full of gladness,
- She seemed to burn in the first fire of love:
- "Brother, our will is quieted by virtue
- Of charity, that makes us wish alone
- For what we have, nor gives us thirst for more.
- If to be more exalted we aspired,
- Discordant would our aspirations be
- Unto the will of Him who here secludes us;
- Which thou shalt see finds no place in these circles,
- If being in charity is needful here,
- And if thou lookest well into its nature;
- Nay, 'tis essential to this blest existence
- To keep itself within the will divine,
- Whereby our very wishes are made one;
- So that, as we are station above station
- Throughout this realm, to all the realm 'tis pleasing,
- As to the King, who makes his will our will.
- And his will is our peace; this is the sea
- To which is moving onward whatsoever
- It doth create, and all that nature makes."
- Then it was clear to me how everywhere
- In heaven is Paradise, although the grace
- Of good supreme there rain not in one measure.
- But as it comes to pass, if one food sates,
- And for another still remains the longing,
- We ask for this, and that decline with thanks,
- E'en thus did I; with gesture and with word,
- To learn from her what was the web wherein
- She did not ply the shuttle to the end.
- "A perfect life and merit high in-heaven
- A lady o'er us," said she, "by whose rule
- Down in your world they vest and veil themselves,
- That until death they may both watch and sleep
- Beside that Spouse who every vow accepts
- Which charity conformeth to his pleasure.
- To follow her, in girlhood from the world
- I fled, and in her habit shut myself,
- And pledged me to the pathway of her sect.
- Then men accustomed unto evil more
- Than unto good, from the sweet cloister tore me;
- God knows what afterward my life became.
- This other splendour, which to thee reveals
- Itself on my right side, and is enkindled
- With all the illumination of our sphere,
- What of myself I say applies to her;
- A nun was she, and likewise from her head
- Was ta'en the shadow of the sacred wimple.
- But when she too was to the world returned
- Against her wishes and against good usage,
- Of the heart's veil she never was divested.
- Of great Costanza this is the effulgence,
- Who from the second wind of Suabia
- Brought forth the third and latest puissance."
- Thus unto me she spake, and then began
- "Ave Maria" singing, and in singing
- Vanished, as through deep water something heavy.
- My sight, that followed her as long a time
- As it was possible, when it had lost her
- Turned round unto the mark of more desire,
- And wholly unto Beatrice reverted;
- But she such lightnings flashed into mine eyes,
- That at the first my sight endured it not;
- And this in questioning more backward made me.