Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
- Singing like unto an enamoured lady
- She, with the ending of her words, continued:
- "Beati quorum tecta sunt peccata."
- And even as Nymphs, that wandered all alone
- Among the sylvan shadows, sedulous
- One to avoid and one to see the sun,
- She then against the stream moved onward, going
- Along the bank, and I abreast of her,
- Her little steps with little steps attending.
- Between her steps and mine were not a hundred,
- When equally the margins gave a turn,
- In such a way, that to the East I faced.
- Nor even thus our way continued far
- Before the lady wholly turned herself
- Unto me, saying, "Brother, look and listen!"
- And lo! a sudden lustre ran across
- On every side athwart the spacious forest,
- Such that it made me doubt if it were lightning.
- But since the lightning ceases as it comes,
- And that continuing brightened more and more,
- Within my thought I said, "What thing is this?"
- And a delicious melody there ran
- Along the luminous air, whence holy zeal
- Made me rebuke the hardihood of Eve;
- For there where earth and heaven obedient were,
- The woman only, and but just created,
- Could not endure to stay 'neath any veil;
- Underneath which had she devoutly stayed,
- I sooner should have tasted those delights
- Ineffable, and for a longer time.
- While 'mid such manifold first-fruits I walked
- Of the eternal pleasure all enrapt,
- And still solicitous of more delights,
- In front of us like an enkindled fire
- Became the air beneath the verdant boughs,
- And the sweet sound as singing now was heard.
- O Virgins sacrosanct! if ever hunger,
- Vigils, or cold for you I have endured,
- The occasion spurs me their reward to claim!
- Now Helicon must needs pour forth for me,
- And with her choir Urania must assist me,
- To put in verse things difficult to think.
- A little farther on, seven trees of gold
- In semblance the long space still intervening
- Between ourselves and them did counterfeit;
- But when I had approached so near to them
- The common object, which the sense deceives,
- Lost not by distance any of its marks,
- The faculty that lends discourse to reason
- Did apprehend that they were candlesticks,
- And in the voices of the song "Hosanna!"
- Above them flamed the harness beautiful,
- Far brighter than the moon in the serene
- Of midnight, at the middle of her month.
- I turned me round, with admiration filled,
- To good Virgilius, and he answered me
- With visage no less full of wonderment.
- Then back I turned my face to those high things,
- Which moved themselves towards us so sedately,
- They had been distanced by new-wedded brides.
- The lady chid me: "Why dost thou burn only
- So with affection for the living lights,
- And dost not look at what comes after them?"
- Then saw I people, as behind their leaders,
- Coming behind them, garmented in white,
- And such a whiteness never was on earth.
- The water on my left flank was resplendent,
- And back to me reflected my left side,
- E'en as a mirror, if I looked therein.
- When I upon my margin had such post
- That nothing but the stream divided us,
- Better to see I gave my steps repose;
- And I beheld the flamelets onward go,
- Leaving behind themselves the air depicted,
- And they of trailing pennons had the semblance,
- So that it overhead remained distinct
- With sevenfold lists, all of them of the colours
- Whence the sun's bow is made, and Delia's girdle.
- These standards to the rearward longer were
- Than was my sight; and, as it seemed to me,
- Ten paces were the outermost apart.
- Under so fair a heaven as I describe
- The four and twenty Elders, two by two,
- Came on incoronate with flower-de-luce.
- They all of them were singing: "Blessed thou
- Among the daughters of Adam art, and blessed
- For evermore shall be thy loveliness."
- After the flowers and other tender grasses
- In front of me upon the other margin
- Were disencumbered of that race elect,
- Even as in heaven star followeth after star,
- There came close after them four animals,
- Incoronate each one with verdant leaf.
- Plumed with six wings was every one of them,
- The plumage full of eyes; the eyes of Argus
- If they were living would be such as these.
- Reader! to trace their forms no more I waste
- My rhymes; for other spendings press me so,
- That I in this cannot be prodigal.
- But read Ezekiel, who depicteth them
- As he beheld them from the region cold
- Coming with cloud, with whirlwind, and with fire;
- And such as thou shalt find them in his pages,
- Such were they here; saving that in their plumage
- John is with me, and differeth from him.
- The interval between these four contained
- A chariot triumphal on two wheels,
- Which by a Griffin's neck came drawn along;
- And upward he extended both his wings
- Between the middle list and three and three,
- So that he injured none by cleaving it.
- So high they rose that they were lost to sight;
- His limbs were gold, so far as he was bird,
- And white the others with vermilion mingled.
- Not only Rome with no such splendid car
- E'er gladdened Africanus, or Augustus,
- But poor to it that of the Sun would be,—
- That of the Sun, which swerving was burnt up
- At the importunate orison of Earth,
- When Jove was so mysteriously just.
- Three maidens at the right wheel in a circle
- Came onward dancing; one so very red
- That in the fire she hardly had been noted.
- The second was as if her flesh and bones
- Had all been fashioned out of emerald;
- The third appeared as snow but newly fallen.
- And now they seemed conducted by the white,
- Now by the red, and from the song of her
- The others took their step, or slow or swift.
- Upon the left hand four made holiday
- Vested in purple, following the measure
- Of one of them with three eyes m her head.
- In rear of all the group here treated of
- Two old men I beheld, unlike in habit,
- But like in gait, each dignified and grave.
- One showed himself as one of the disciples
- Of that supreme Hippocrates, whom nature
- Made for the animals she holds most dear;
- Contrary care the other manifested,
- With sword so shining and so sharp, it caused
- Terror to me on this side of the river.
- Thereafter four I saw of humble aspect,
- And behind all an aged man alone
- Walking in sleep with countenance acute.
- And like the foremost company these seven
- Were habited; yet of the flower-de-luce
- No garland round about the head they wore,
- But of the rose, and other flowers vermilion;
- At little distance would the sight have sworn
- That all were in a flame above their brows.
- And when the car was opposite to me
- Thunder was heard; and all that folk august
- Seemed to have further progress interdicted,
- There with the vanward ensigns standing still.