Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
- As when he vibrates forth his earliest rays,
- In regions where his Maker shed his blood,
- (The Ebro falling under lofty Libra,
- And waters in the Ganges burnt with noon,)
- So stood the Sun; hence was the day departing,
- When the glad Angel of God appeared to us.
- Outside the flame he stood upon the verge,
- And chanted forth, "Beati mundo corde,"
- In voice by far more living than our own.
- Then: "No one farther goes, souls sanctified,
- If first the fire bite not; within it enter,
- And be not deaf unto the song beyond."
- When we were close beside him thus he said;
- Wherefore e'en such became I, when I heard him,
- As he is who is put into the grave.
- Upon my clasped hands I straightened me,
- Scanning the fire, and vividly recalling
- The human bodies I had once seen burned.
- Towards me turned themselves my good Conductors,
- And unto me Virgilius said: "My son,
- Here may indeed be torment, but not death.
- Remember thee, remember! and if I
- On Geryon have safely guided thee,
- What shall I do now I am nearer God?
- Believe for certain, shouldst thou stand a full
- Millennium in the bosom of this flame,
- It could not make thee bald a single hair.
- And if perchance thou think that I deceive thee,
- Draw near to it, and put it to the proof
- With thine own hands upon thy garment's hem.
- Now lay aside, now lay aside all fear,
- Turn hitherward, and onward come securely;"
- And I still motionless, and 'gainst my conscience!
- Seeing me stand still motionless and stubborn,
- Somewhat disturbed he said: "Now look thou, Son,
- 'Twixt Beatrice and thee there is this wall."
- As at the name of Thisbe oped his lids
- The dying Pyramus, and gazed upon her,
- What time the mulberry became vermilion,
- Even thus, my obduracy being softened,
- I turned to my wise Guide, hearing the name
- That in my memory evermore is welling.
- Whereat he wagged his head, and said: "How now?
- Shall we stay on this side?" then smiled as one
- Does at a child who's vanquished by an apple.
- Then into the fire in front of me he entered,
- Beseeching Statius to come after me,
- Who a long way before divided us.
- When I was in it, into molten glass
- I would have cast me to refresh myself,
- So without measure was the burning there!
- And my sweet Father, to encourage me,
- Discoursing still of Beatrice went on,
- Saying: "Her eyes I seem to see already!"
- A voice, that on the other side was singing,
- Directed us, and we, attent alone
- On that, came forth where the ascent began.
- "Venite, benedicti Patris mei,"
- Sounded within a splendour, which was there
- Such it o'ercame me, and I could not look.
- "The sun departs," it added, "and night cometh;
- Tarry ye not, but onward urge your steps,
- So long as yet the west becomes not dark."
- Straight forward through the rock the path ascended
- In such a way that I cut off the rays
- Before me of the sun, that now was low.
- And of few stairs we yet had made assay,
- Ere by the vanished shadow the sun's setting
- Behind us we perceived, I and my Sages.
- And ere in all its parts immeasurable
- The horizon of one aspect had become,
- And Night her boundless dispensation held,
- Each of us of a stair had made his bed;
- Because the nature of the mount took from us
- The power of climbing, more than the delight.
- Even as in ruminating passive grow
- The goats, who have been swift and venturesome
- Upon the mountain-tops ere they were fed,
- Hushed in the shadow, while the sun is hot,
- Watched by the herdsman, who upon his staff
- Is leaning, and in leaning tendeth them;
- And as the shepherd, lodging out of doors,
- Passes the night beside his quiet flock,
- Watching that no wild beast may scatter it,
- Such at that hour were we, all three of us,
- I like the goat, and like the herdsmen they,
- Begirt on this side and on that by rocks.
- Little could there be seen of things without;
- But through that little I beheld the stars
- More luminous and larger than their wont.
- Thus ruminating, and beholding these,
- Sleep seized upon me,—sleep, that oftentimes
- Before a deed is done has tidings of it.
- It was the hour, I think, when from the East
- First on the mountain Citherea beamed,
- Who with the fire of love seems always burning;
- Youthful and beautiful in dreams methought
- I saw a lady walking in a meadow,
- Gathering flowers; and singing she was saying:
- "Know whosoever may my name demand
- That I am Leah, and go moving round
- My beauteous hands to make myself a garland.
- To please me at the mirror, here I deck me,
- But never does my sister Rachel leave
- Her looking-glass, and sitteth all day long.
- To see her beauteous eyes as eager is she,
- As I am to adorn me with my hands;
- Her, seeing, and me, doing satisfies."
- And now before the antelucan splendours
- That unto pilgrims the more grateful rise,
- As, home-returning, less remote they lodge,
- The darkness fled away on every side,
- And slumber with it; whereupon I rose,
- Seeing already the great Masters risen.
- "That apple sweet, which through so many branches
- The care of mortals goeth in pursuit of,
- To-day shall put in peace thy hungerings."
- Speaking to me, Virgilius of such words
- As these made use; and never were there guerdons
- That could in pleasantness compare with these.
- Such longing upon longing came upon me
- To be above, that at each step thereafter
- For flight I felt in me the pinions growing.
- When underneath us was the stairway all
- Run o'er, and we were on the highest step,
- Virgilius fastened upon me his eyes,
- And said: "The temporal fire and the eternal,
- Son, thou hast seen, and to a place art come
- Where of myself no farther I discern.
- By intellect and art I here have brought thee;
- Take thine own pleasure for thy guide henceforth;
- Beyond the steep ways and the narrow art thou.
- Behold the sun, that shines upon thy forehead;
- Behold the grass, the flowerets, and the shrubs
- Which of itself alone this land produces.
- Until rejoicing come the beauteous eyes
- Which weeping caused me to come unto thee,
- Thou canst sit down, and thou canst walk among them.
- Expect no more or word or sign from me;
- Free and upright and sound is thy free-will,
- And error were it not to do its bidding;
- Thee o'er thyself I therefore crown and mitre!"