Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
- Already was the flame erect and quiet,
- To speak no more, and now departed from us
- With the permission of the gentle Poet;
- When yet another, which behind it came,
- Caused us to turn our eyes upon its top
- By a confused sound that issued from it.
- As the Sicilian bull (that bellowed first
- With the lament of him, and that was right,
- Who with his file had modulated it)
- Bellowed so with the voice of the afflicted,
- That, notwithstanding it was made of brass,
- Still it appeared with agony transfixed;
- Thus, by not having any way or issue
- At first from out the fire, to its own language
- Converted were the melancholy words.
- But afterwards, when they had gathered way
- Up through the point, giving it that vibration
- The tongue had given them in their passage out,
- We heard it said: "O thou, at whom I aim
- My voice, and who but now wast speaking Lombard,
- Saying, 'Now go thy way, no more I urge thee,'
- Because I come perchance a little late,
- To stay and speak with me let it not irk thee;
- Thou seest it irks not me, and I am burning.
- If thou but lately into this blind world
- Hast fallen down from that sweet Latian land,
- Wherefrom I bring the whole of my transgression,
- Say, if the Romagnuols have peace or war,
- For I was from the mountains there between
- Urbino and the yoke whence Tiber bursts."
- I still was downward bent and listening,
- When my Conductor touched me on the side,
- Saying: "Speak thou: this one a Latian is."
- And I, who had beforehand my reply
- In readiness, forthwith began to speak:
- "O soul, that down below there art concealed,
- Romagna thine is not and never has been
- Without war in the bosom of its tyrants;
- But open war I none have left there now.
- Ravenna stands as it long years has stood;
- The Eagle of Polenta there is brooding,
- So that she covers Cervia with her vans.
- The city which once made the long resistance,
- And of the French a sanguinary heap,
- Beneath the Green Paws finds itself again;
- Verrucchio's ancient Mastiff and the new,
- Who made such bad disposal of Montagna,
- Where they are wont make wimbles of their teeth.
- The cities of Lamone and Santerno
- Governs the Lioncel of the white lair,
- Who changes sides 'twixt summer-time and winter;
- And that of which the Savio bathes the flank,
- Even as it lies between the plain and mountain,
- Lives between tyranny and a free state.
- Now I entreat thee tell us who thou art;
- Be not more stubborn than the rest have been,
- So may thy name hold front there in the world."
- After the fire a little more had roared
- In its own fashion, the sharp point it moved
- This way and that, and then gave forth such breath:
- "If I believed that my reply were made
- To one who to the world would e'er return,
- This flame without more flickering would stand still;
- But inasmuch as never from this depth
- Did any one return, if I hear true,
- Without the fear of infamy I answer,
- I was a man of arms, then Cordelier,
- Believing thus begirt to make amends;
- And truly my belief had been fulfilled
- But for the High Priest, whom may ill betide,
- Who put me back into my former sins;
- And how and wherefore I will have thee hear.
- While I was still the form of bone and pulp
- My mother gave to me, the deeds I did
- Were not those of a lion, but a fox.
- The machinations and the covert ways
- I knew them all, and practised so their craft,
- That to the ends of earth the sound went forth.
- When now unto that portion of mine age
- I saw myself arrived, when each one ought
- To lower the sails, and coil away the ropes,
- That which before had pleased me then displeased me;
- And penitent and confessing I surrendered,
- Ah woe is me! and it would have bestead me;
- The Leader of the modern Pharisees
- Having a war near unto Lateran,
- And not with Saracens nor with the Jews,
- For each one of his enemies was Christian,
- And none of them had been to conquer Acre,
- Nor merchandising in the Sultan's land,
- Nor the high office, nor the sacred orders,
- In him regarded, nor in me that cord
- Which used to make those girt with it more meagre;
- But even as Constantine sought out Sylvester
- To cure his leprosy, within Soracte,
- So this one sought me out as an adept
- To cure him of the fever of his pride.
- Counsel he asked of me, and I was silent,
- Because his words appeared inebriate.
- And then he said: 'Be not thy heart afraid;
- Henceforth I thee absolve; and thou instruct me
- How to raze Palestrina to the ground.
- Heaven have I power to lock and to unlock,
- As thou dost know; therefore the keys are two,
- The which my predecessor held not dear.'
- Then urged me on his weighty arguments
- There, where my silence was the worst advice;
- And said I: 'Father, since thou washest me
- Of that sin into which I now must fall,
- The promise long with the fulfilment short
- Will make thee triumph in thy lofty seat.'
- Francis came afterward, when I was dead,
- For me; but one of the black Cherubim
- Said to him: 'Take him not; do me no wrong;
- He must come down among my servitors,
- Because he gave the fraudulent advice
- From which time forth I have been at his hair;
- For who repents not cannot be absolved,
- Nor can one both repent and will at once,
- Because of the contradiction which consents not.'
- O miserable me! how I did shudder
- When he seized on me, saying: 'Peradventure
- Thou didst not think that I was a logician!'
- He bore me unto Minos, who entwined
- Eight times his tail about his stubborn back,
- And after he had bitten it in great rage,
- Said: 'Of the thievish fire a culprit this;'
- Wherefore, here where thou seest, am I lost,
- And vested thus in going I bemoan me."
- When it had thus completed its recital,
- The flame departed uttering lamentations,
- Writhing and flapping its sharp-pointed horn.
- Onward we passed, both I and my Conductor,
- Up o'er the crag above another arch,
- Which the moat covers, where is paid the fee
- By those who, sowing discord, win their burden.