Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
＋ Add to Library
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
- While on the brink thus one before the other
- We went upon our way, oft the good Master
- Said: "Take thou heed! suffice it that I warn thee."
- On the right shoulder smote me now the sun,
- That, raying out, already the whole west
- Changed from its azure aspect into white.
- And with my shadow did I make the flame
- Appear more red; and even to such a sign
- Shades saw I many, as they went, give heed.
- This was the cause that gave them a beginning
- To speak of me; and to themselves began they
- To say: "That seems not a factitious body!"
- Then towards me, as far as they could come,
- Came certain of them, always with regard
- Not to step forth where they would not be burned.
- "O thou who goest, not from being slower
- But reverent perhaps, behind the others,
- Answer me, who in thirst and fire am burning.
- Nor to me only is thine answer needful;
- For all of these have greater thirst for it
- Than for cold water Ethiop or Indian.
- Tell us how is it that thou makest thyself
- A wall unto the sun, as if thou hadst not
- Entered as yet into the net of death."
- Thus one of them addressed me, and I straight
- Should have revealed myself, were I not bent
- On other novelty that then appeared.
- For through the middle of the burning road
- There came a people face to face with these,
- Which held me in suspense with gazing at them.
- There see I hastening upon either side
- Each of the shades, and kissing one another
- Without a pause, content with brief salute.
- Thus in the middle of their brown battalions
- Muzzle to muzzle one ant meets another
- Perchance to spy their journey or their fortune.
- No sooner is the friendly greeting ended,
- Or ever the first footstep passes onward,
- Each one endeavours to outcry the other;
- The new-come people: "Sodom and Gomorrah!"
- The rest: "Into the cow Pasiphae enters,
- So that the bull unto her lust may run!"
- Then as the cranes, that to Riphaean mountains
- Might fly in part, and part towards the sands,
- These of the frost, those of the sun avoidant,
- One folk is going, and the other coming,
- And weeping they return to their first songs,
- And to the cry that most befitteth them;
- And close to me approached, even as before,
- The very same who had entreated me,
- Attent to listen in their countenance.
- I, who their inclination twice had seen,
- Began: "O souls secure in the possession,
- Whene'er it may be, of a state of peace,
- Neither unripe nor ripened have remained
- My members upon earth, but here are with me
- With their own blood and their articulations.
- I go up here to be no longer blind;
- A Lady is above, who wins this grace,
- Whereby the mortal through your world I bring.
- But as your greatest longing satisfied
- May soon become, so that the Heaven may house you
- Which full of love is, and most amply spreads,
- Tell me, that I again in books may write it,
- Who are you, and what is that multitude
- Which goes upon its way behind your backs?"
- Not otherwise with wonder is bewildered
- The mountaineer, and staring round is dumb,
- When rough and rustic to the town he goes,
- Than every shade became in its appearance;
- But when they of their stupor were disburdened,
- Which in high hearts is quickly quieted,
- "Blessed be thou, who of our border-lands,"
- He recommenced who first had questioned us,
- "Experience freightest for a better life.
- The folk that comes not with us have offended
- In that for which once Caesar, triumphing,
- Heard himself called in contumely, 'Queen.'
- Therefore they separate, exclaiming, 'Sodom!'
- Themselves reproving, even as thou hast heard,
- And add unto their burning by their shame.
- Our own transgression was hermaphrodite;
- But because we observed not human law,
- Following like unto beasts our appetite,
- In our opprobrium by us is read,
- When we part company, the name of her
- Who bestialized herself in bestial wood.
- Now knowest thou our acts, and what our crime was;
- Wouldst thou perchance by name know who we are,
- There is not time to tell, nor could I do it.
- Thy wish to know me shall in sooth be granted;
- I'm Guido Guinicelli, and now purge me,
- Having repented ere the hour extreme."
- The same that in the sadness of Lycurgus
- Two sons became, their mother re-beholding,
- Such I became, but rise not to such height,
- The moment I heard name himself the father
- Of me and of my betters, who had ever
- Practised the sweet and gracious rhymes of love;
- And without speech and hearing thoughtfully
- For a long time I went, beholding him,
- Nor for the fire did I approach him nearer.
- When I was fed with looking, utterly
- Myself I offered ready for his service,
- With affirmation that compels belief.
- And he to me: "Thou leavest footprints such
- In me, from what I hear, and so distinct,
- Lethe cannot efface them, nor make dim.
- But if thy words just now the truth have sworn,
- Tell me what is the cause why thou displayest
- In word and look that dear thou holdest me?"
- And I to him: "Those dulcet lays of yours
- Which, long as shall endure our modern fashion,
- Shall make for ever dear their very ink!"
- "O brother," said he, "he whom I point out,"
- And here he pointed at a spirit in front,
- "Was of the mother tongue a better smith.
- Verses of love and proses of romance,
- He mastered all; and let the idiots talk,
- Who think the Lemosin surpasses him.
- To clamour more than truth they turn their faces,
- And in this way establish their opinion,
- Ere art or reason has by them been heard.
- Thus many ancients with Guittone did,
- From cry to cry still giving him applause,
- Until the truth has conquered with most persons.
- Now, if thou hast such ample privilege
- 'Tis granted thee to go unto the cloister
- Wherein is Christ the abbot of the college,
- To him repeat for me a Paternoster,
- So far as needful to us of this world,
- Where power of sinning is no longer ours."
- Then, to give place perchance to one behind,
- Whom he had near, he vanished in the fire
- As fish in water going to the bottom.
- I moved a little tow'rds him pointed out,
- And said that to his name my own desire
- An honourable place was making ready.
- He of his own free will began to say:
- 'Tan m' abellis vostre cortes deman,
- Que jeu nom' puesc ni vueill a vos cobrire;
- Jeu sui Arnaut, que plor e vai chantan;
- Consiros vei la passada folor,
- E vei jauzen lo jorn qu' esper denan.
- Ara vus prec per aquella valor,
- Que vus condus al som de la scalina,
- Sovenga vus a temprar ma dolor.'*
- Then hid him in the fire that purifies them.
- * So pleases me your courteous demand,
- I cannot and I will not hide me from you.
- I am Arnaut, who weep and singing go;
- Contrite I see the folly of the past,
- And joyous see the hoped-for day before me.
- Therefore do I implore you, by that power
- Which guides you to the summit of the stairs,
- Be mindful to assuage my suffering!