Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
＋ Add to Library
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
- Silent, alone, and without company
- We went, the one in front, the other after,
- As go the Minor Friars along their way.
- Upon the fable of Aesop was directed
- My thought, by reason of the present quarrel,
- Where he has spoken of the frog and mouse;
- For 'mo' and 'issa' are not more alike
- Than this one is to that, if well we couple
- End and beginning with a steadfast mind.
- And even as one thought from another springs,
- So afterward from that was born another,
- Which the first fear within me double made.
- Thus did I ponder: "These on our account
- Are laughed to scorn, with injury and scoff
- So great, that much I think it must annoy them.
- If anger be engrafted on ill-will,
- They will come after us more merciless
- Than dog upon the leveret which he seizes,"
- I felt my hair stand all on end already
- With terror, and stood backwardly intent,
- When said I: "Master, if thou hidest not
- Thyself and me forthwith, of Malebranche
- I am in dread; we have them now behind us;
- I so imagine them, I already feel them."
- And he: "If I were made of leaded glass,
- Thine outward image I should not attract
- Sooner to me than I imprint the inner.
- Just now thy thoughts came in among my own,
- With similar attitude and similar face,
- So that of both one counsel sole I made.
- If peradventure the right bank so slope
- That we to the next Bolgia can descend,
- We shall escape from the imagined chase."
- Not yet he finished rendering such opinion,
- When I beheld them come with outstretched wings,
- Not far remote, with will to seize upon us.
- My Leader on a sudden seized me up,
- Even as a mother who by noise is wakened,
- And close beside her sees the enkindled flames,
- Who takes her son, and flies, and does not stop,
- Having more care of him than of herself,
- So that she clothes her only with a shift;
- And downward from the top of the hard bank
- Supine he gave him to the pendent rock,
- That one side of the other Bolgia walls.
- Ne'er ran so swiftly water through a sluice
- To turn the wheel of any land-built mill,
- When nearest to the paddles it approaches,
- As did my Master down along that border,
- Bearing me with him on his breast away,
- As his own son, and not as a companion.
- Hardly the bed of the ravine below
- His feet had reached, ere they had reached the hill
- Right over us; but he was not afraid;
- For the high Providence, which had ordained
- To place them ministers of the fifth moat,
- The power of thence departing took from all.
- A painted people there below we found,
- Who went about with footsteps very slow,
- Weeping and in their semblance tired and vanquished.
- They had on mantles with the hoods low down
- Before their eyes, and fashioned of the cut
- That in Cologne they for the monks are made.
- Without, they gilded are so that it dazzles;
- But inwardly all leaden and so heavy
- That Frederick used to put them on of straw.
- O everlastingly fatiguing mantle!
- Again we turned us, still to the left hand
- Along with them, intent on their sad plaint;
- But owing to the weight, that weary folk
- Came on so tardily, that we were new
- In company at each motion of the haunch.
- Whence I unto my Leader: "See thou find
- Some one who may by deed or name be known,
- And thus in going move thine eye about."
- And one, who understood the Tuscan speech,
- Cried to us from behind: "Stay ye your feet,
- Ye, who so run athwart the dusky air!
- Perhaps thou'lt have from me what thou demandest."
- Whereat the Leader turned him, and said: "Wait,
- And then according to his pace proceed."
- I stopped, and two beheld I show great haste
- Of spirit, in their faces, to be with me;
- But the burden and the narrow way delayed them.
- When they came up, long with an eye askance
- They scanned me without uttering a word.
- Then to each other turned, and said together:
- "He by the action of his throat seems living;
- And if they dead are, by what privilege
- Go they uncovered by the heavy stole?"
- Then said to me: "Tuscan, who to the college
- Of miserable hypocrites art come,
- Do not disdain to tell us who thou art."
- And I to them: "Born was I, and grew up
- In the great town on the fair river of Arno,
- And with the body am I've always had.
- But who are ye, in whom there trickles down
- Along your cheeks such grief as I behold?
- And what pain is upon you, that so sparkles?"
- And one replied to me: "These orange cloaks
- Are made of lead so heavy, that the weights
- Cause in this way their balances to creak.
- Frati Gaudenti were we, and Bolognese;
- I Catalano, and he Loderingo
- Named, and together taken by thy city,
- As the wont is to take one man alone,
- For maintenance of its peace; and we were such
- That still it is apparent round Gardingo."
- "O Friars," began I, "your iniquitous… "
- But said no more; for to mine eyes there rushed
- One crucified with three stakes on the ground.
- When me he saw, he writhed himself all over,
- Blowing into his beard with suspirations;
- And the Friar Catalan, who noticed this,
- Said to me: "This transfixed one, whom thou seest,
- Counselled the Pharisees that it was meet
- To put one man to torture for the people.
- Crosswise and naked is he on the path,
- As thou perceivest; and he needs must feel,
- Whoever passes, first how much he weighs;
- And in like mode his father-in-law is punished
- Within this moat, and the others of the council,
- Which for the Jews was a malignant seed."
- And thereupon I saw Virgilius marvel
- O'er him who was extended on the cross
- So vilely in eternal banishment.
- Then he directed to the Friar this voice:
- "Be not displeased, if granted thee, to tell us
- If to the right hand any pass slope down
- By which we two may issue forth from here,
- Without constraining some of the black angels
- To come and extricate us from this deep."
- Then he made answer: "Nearer than thou hopest
- There is a rock, that forth from the great circle
- Proceeds, and crosses all the cruel valleys,
- Save that at this 'tis broken, and does not bridge it;
- You will be able to mount up the ruin,
- That sidelong slopes and at the bottom rises."
- The Leader stood awhile with head bowed down;
- Then said: "The business badly he recounted
- Who grapples with his hook the sinners yonder."
- And the Friar: "Many of the Devil's vices
- Once heard I at Bologna, and among them,
- That he's a liar and the father of lies."
- Thereat my Leader with great strides went on,
- Somewhat disturbed with anger in his looks;
- Whence from the heavy-laden I departed
- After the prints of his beloved feet.