Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
- Already on my Lady's face mine eyes
- Again were fastened, and with these my mind,
- And from all other purpose was withdrawn;
- And she smiled not; but "If I were to smile,"
- She unto me began, "thou wouldst become
- Like Semele, when she was turned to ashes.
- Because my beauty, that along the stairs
- Of the eternal palace more enkindles,
- As thou hast seen, the farther we ascend,
- If it were tempered not, is so resplendent
- That all thy mortal power in its effulgence
- Would seem a leaflet that the thunder crushes.
- We are uplifted to the seventh splendour,
- That underneath the burning Lion's breast
- Now radiates downward mingled with his power.
- Fix in direction of thine eyes the mind,
- And make of them a mirror for the figure
- That in this mirror shall appear to thee."
- He who could know what was the pasturage
- My sight had in that blessed countenance,
- When I transferred me to another care,
- Would recognize how grateful was to me
- Obedience unto my celestial escort,
- By counterpoising one side with the other.
- Within the crystal which, around the world
- Revolving, bears the name of its dear leader,
- Under whom every wickedness lay dead,
- Coloured like gold, on which the sunshine gleams,
- A stairway I beheld to such a height
- Uplifted, that mine eye pursued it not.
- Likewise beheld I down the steps descending
- So many splendours, that I thought each light
- That in the heaven appears was there diffused.
- And as accordant with their natural custom
- The rooks together at the break of day
- Bestir themselves to warm their feathers cold;
- Then some of them fly off without return,
- Others come back to where they started from,
- And others, wheeling round, still keep at home;
- Such fashion it appeared to me was there
- Within the sparkling that together came,
- As soon as on a certain step it struck,
- And that which nearest unto us remained
- Became so clear, that in my thought I said,
- "Well I perceive the love thou showest me;
- But she, from whom I wait the how and when
- Of speech and silence, standeth still; whence I
- Against desire do well if I ask not."
- She thereupon, who saw my silentness
- In the sight of Him who seeth everything,
- Said unto me, "Let loose thy warm desire."
- And I began: "No merit of my own
- Renders me worthy of response from thee;
- But for her sake who granteth me the asking,
- Thou blessed life that dost remain concealed
- In thy beatitude, make known to me
- The cause which draweth thee so near my side;
- And tell me why is silent in this wheel
- The dulcet symphony of Paradise,
- That through the rest below sounds so devoutly."
- "Thou hast thy hearing mortal as thy sight,"
- It answer made to me; "they sing not here,
- For the same cause that Beatrice has not smiled.
- Thus far adown the holy stairway's steps
- Have I descended but to give thee welcome
- With words, and with the light that mantles me;
- Nor did more love cause me to be more ready,
- For love as much and more up there is burning,
- As doth the flaming manifest to thee.
- But the high charity, that makes us servants
- Prompt to the counsel which controls the world,
- Allotteth here, even as thou dost observe."
- "I see full well," said I, "O sacred lamp!
- How love unfettered in this court sufficeth
- To follow the eternal Providence;
- But this is what seems hard for me to see,
- Wherefore predestinate wast thou alone
- Unto this office from among thy consorts."
- No sooner had I come to the last word,
- Than of its middle made the light a centre,
- Whirling itself about like a swift millstone.
- When answer made the love that was therein:
- "On me directed is a light divine,
- Piercing through this in which I am embosomed,
- Of which the virtue with my sight conjoined
- Lifts me above myself so far, I see
- The supreme essence from which this is drawn.
- Hence comes the joyfulness with which I flame,
- For to my sight, as far as it is clear,
- The clearness of the flame I equal make.
- But that soul in the heaven which is most pure,
- That seraph which his eye on God most fixes,
- Could this demand of thine not satisfy;
- Because so deeply sinks in the abyss
- Of the eternal statute what thou askest,
- From all created sight it is cut off.
- And to the mortal world, when thou returnest,
- This carry back, that it may not presume
- Longer tow'rd such a goal to move its feet.
- The mind, that shineth here, on earth doth smoke;
- From this observe how can it do below
- That which it cannot though the heaven assume it?"
- Such limit did its words prescribe to me,
- The question I relinquished, and restricted
- Myself to ask it humbly who it was.
- "Between two shores of Italy rise cliffs,
- And not far distant from thy native place,
- So high, the thunders far below them sound,
- And form a ridge that Catria is called,
- 'Neath which is consecrate a hermitage
- Wont to be dedicate to worship only."
- Thus unto me the third speech recommenced,
- And then, continuing, it said: "Therein
- Unto God's service I became so steadfast,
- That feeding only on the juice of olives
- Lightly I passed away the heats and frosts,
- Contented in my thoughts contemplative.
- That cloister used to render to these heavens
- Abundantly, and now is empty grown,
- So that perforce it soon must be revealed.
- I in that place was Peter Damiano;
- And Peter the Sinner was I in the house
- Of Our Lady on the Adriatic shore.
- Little of mortal life remained to me,
- When I was called and dragged forth to the hat
- Which shifteth evermore from bad to worse.
- Came Cephas, and the mighty Vessel came
- Of the Holy Spirit, meagre and barefooted,
- Taking the food of any hostelry.
- Now some one to support them on each side
- The modern shepherds need, and some to lead them,
- So heavy are they, and to hold their trains.
- They cover up their palfreys with their cloaks,
- So that two beasts go underneath one skin;
- O Patience, that dost tolerate so much!"
- At this voice saw I many little flames
- From step to step descending and revolving,
- And every revolution made them fairer.
- Round about this one came they and stood still,
- And a cry uttered of so loud a sound,
- It here could find no parallel, nor I
- Distinguished it, the thunder so o'ercame me.