Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
- O Simon Magus, O forlorn disciples,
- Ye who the things of God, which ought to be
- The brides of holiness, rapaciously
- For silver and for gold do prostitute,
- Now it behoves for you the trumpet sound,
- Because in this third Bolgia ye abide.
- We had already on the following tomb
- Ascended to that portion of the crag
- Which o'er the middle of the moat hangs plumb.
- Wisdom supreme, O how great art thou showest
- In heaven, in earth, and in the evil world,
- And with what justice doth thy power distribute!
- I saw upon the sides and on the bottom
- The livid stone with perforations filled,
- All of one size, and every one was round.
- To me less ample seemed they not, nor greater
- Than those that in my beautiful Saint John
- Are fashioned for the place of the baptisers,
- And one of which, not many years ago,
- I broke for some one, who was drowning in it;
- Be this a seal all men to undeceive.
- Out of the mouth of each one there protruded
- The feet of a transgressor, and the legs
- Up to the calf, the rest within remained.
- In all of them the soles were both on fire;
- Wherefore the joints so violently quivered,
- They would have snapped asunder withes and bands.
- Even as the flame of unctuous things is wont
- To move upon the outer surface only,
- So likewise was it there from heel to point.
- "Master, who is that one who writhes himself,
- More than his other comrades quivering,"
- I said, "and whom a redder flame is sucking?"
- And he to me: "If thou wilt have me bear thee
- Down there along that bank which lowest lies,
- From him thou'lt know his errors and himself."
- And I: "What pleases thee, to me is pleasing;
- Thou art my Lord, and knowest that I depart not
- From thy desire, and knowest what is not spoken."
- Straightway upon the fourth dike we arrived;
- We turned, and on the left-hand side descended
- Down to the bottom full of holes and narrow.
- And the good Master yet from off his haunch
- Deposed me not, till to the hole he brought me
- Of him who so lamented with his shanks.
- "Whoe'er thou art, that standest upside down,
- O doleful soul, implanted like a stake,"
- To say began I, "if thou canst, speak out."
- I stood even as the friar who is confessing
- The false assassin, who, when he is fixed,
- Recalls him, so that death may be delayed.
- And he cried out: "Dost thou stand there already,
- Dost thou stand there already, Boniface?
- By many years the record lied to me.
- Art thou so early satiate with that wealth,
- For which thou didst not fear to take by fraud
- The beautiful Lady, and then work her woe?"
- Such I became, as people are who stand,
- Not comprehending what is answered them,
- As if bemocked, and know not how to answer.
- Then said Virgilius: "Say to him straightway,
- 'I am not he, I am not he thou thinkest.'"
- And I replied as was imposed on me.
- Whereat the spirit writhed with both his feet,
- Then, sighing, with a voice of lamentation
- Said to me: "Then what wantest thou of me?
- If who I am thou carest so much to know,
- That thou on that account hast crossed the bank,
- Know that I vested was with the great mantle;
- And truly was I son of the She-bear,
- So eager to advance the cubs, that wealth
- Above, and here myself, I pocketed.
- Beneath my head the others are dragged down
- Who have preceded me in simony,
- Flattened along the fissure of the rock.
- Below there I shall likewise fall, whenever
- That one shall come who I believed thou wast,
- What time the sudden question I proposed.
- But longer I my feet already toast,
- And here have been in this way upside down,
- Than he will planted stay with reddened feet;
- For after him shall come of fouler deed
- From tow'rds the west a Pastor without law,
- Such as befits to cover him and me.
- New Jason will he be, of whom we read
- In Maccabees; and as his king was pliant,
- So he who governs France shall be to this one."
- I do not know if I were here too bold,
- That him I answered only in this metre:
- "I pray thee tell me now how great a treasure
- Our Lord demanded of Saint Peter first,
- Before he put the keys into his keeping?
- Truly he nothing asked but 'Follow me.'
- Nor Peter nor the rest asked of Matthias
- Silver or gold, when he by lot was chosen
- Unto the place the guilty soul had lost.
- Therefore stay here, for thou art justly punished,
- And keep safe guard o'er the ill-gotten money,
- Which caused thee to be valiant against Charles.
- And were it not that still forbids it me
- The reverence for the keys superlative
- Thou hadst in keeping in the gladsome life,
- I would make use of words more grievous still;
- Because your avarice afflicts the world,
- Trampling the good and lifting the depraved.
- The Evangelist you Pastors had in mind,
- When she who sitteth upon many waters
- To fornicate with kings by him was seen;
- The same who with the seven heads was born,
- And power and strength from the ten horns received,
- So long as virtue to her spouse was pleasing.
- Ye have made yourselves a god of gold and silver;
- And from the idolater how differ ye,
- Save that he one, and ye a hundred worship?
- Ah, Constantine! of how much ill was mother,
- Not thy conversion, but that marriage dower
- Which the first wealthy Father took from thee!"
- And while I sang to him such notes as these,
- Either that anger or that conscience stung him,
- He struggled violently with both his feet.
- I think in sooth that it my Leader pleased,
- With such contented lip he listened ever
- Unto the sound of the true words expressed.
- Therefore with both his arms he took me up,
- And when he had me all upon his breast,
- Remounted by the way where he descended.
- Nor did he tire to have me clasped to him;
- But bore me to the summit of the arch
- Which from the fourth dike to the fifth is passage.
- There tenderly he laid his burden down,
- Tenderly on the crag uneven and steep,
- That would have been hard passage for the goats:
- Thence was unveiled to me another valley.