Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
- "Behold the monster with the pointed tail,
- Who cleaves the hills, and breaketh walls and weapons,
- Behold him who infecteth all the world."
- Thus unto me my Guide began to say,
- And beckoned him that he should come to shore,
- Near to the confine of the trodden marble;
- And that uncleanly image of deceit
- Came up and thrust ashore its head and bust,
- But on the border did not drag its tail.
- The face was as the face of a just man,
- Its semblance outwardly was so benign,
- And of a serpent all the trunk beside.
- Two paws it had, hairy unto the armpits;
- The back, and breast, and both the sides it had
- Depicted o'er with nooses and with shields.
- With colours more, groundwork or broidery
- Never in cloth did Tartars make nor Turks,
- Nor were such tissues by Arachne laid.
- As sometimes wherries lie upon the shore,
- That part are in the water, part on land;
- And as among the guzzling Germans there,
- The beaver plants himself to wage his war;
- So that vile monster lay upon the border,
- Which is of stone, and shutteth in the sand.
- His tail was wholly quivering in the void,
- Contorting upwards the envenomed fork,
- That in the guise of scorpion armed its point.
- The Guide said: "Now perforce must turn aside
- Our way a little, even to that beast
- Malevolent, that yonder coucheth him."
- We therefore on the right side descended,
- And made ten steps upon the outer verge,
- Completely to avoid the sand and flame;
- And after we are come to him, I see
- A little farther off upon the sand
- A people sitting near the hollow place.
- Then said to me the Master: "So that full
- Experience of this round thou bear away,
- Now go and see what their condition is.
- There let thy conversation be concise;
- Till thou returnest I will speak with him,
- That he concede to us his stalwart shoulders."
- Thus farther still upon the outermost
- Head of that seventh circle all alone
- I went, where sat the melancholy folk.
- Out of their eyes was gushing forth their woe;
- This way, that way, they helped them with their hands
- Now from the flames and now from the hot soil.
- Not otherwise in summer do the dogs,
- Now with the foot, now with the muzzle, when
- By fleas, or flies, or gadflies, they are bitten.
- When I had turned mine eyes upon the faces
- Of some, on whom the dolorous fire is falling,
- Not one of them I knew; but I perceived
- That from the neck of each there hung a pouch,
- Which certain colour had, and certain blazon;
- And thereupon it seems their eyes are feeding.
- And as I gazing round me come among them,
- Upon a yellow pouch I azure saw
- That had the face and posture of a lion.
- Proceeding then the current of my sight,
- Another of them saw I, red as blood,
- Display a goose more white than butter is.
- And one, who with an azure sow and gravid
- Emblazoned had his little pouch of white,
- Said unto me: "What dost thou in this moat?
- Now get thee gone; and since thou'rt still alive,
- Know that a neighbour of mine, Vitaliano,
- Will have his seat here on my left-hand side.
- A Paduan am I with these Florentines;
- Full many a time they thunder in mine ears,
- Exclaiming, 'Come the sovereign cavalier,
- He who shall bring the satchel with three goats;'"
- Then twisted he his mouth, and forth he thrust
- His tongue, like to an ox that licks its nose.
- And fearing lest my longer stay might vex
- Him who had warned me not to tarry long,
- Backward I turned me from those weary souls.
- I found my Guide, who had already mounted
- Upon the back of that wild animal,
- And said to me: "Now be both strong and bold.
- Now we descend by stairways such as these;
- Mount thou in front, for I will be midway,
- So that the tail may have no power to harm thee."
- Such as he is who has so near the ague
- Of quartan that his nails are blue already,
- And trembles all, but looking at the shade;
- Even such became I at those proffered words;
- But shame in me his menaces produced,
- Which maketh servant strong before good master.
- I seated me upon those monstrous shoulders;
- I wished to say, and yet the voice came not
- As I believed, "Take heed that thou embrace me."
- But he, who other times had rescued me
- In other peril, soon as I had mounted,
- Within his arms encircled and sustained me,
- And said: "Now, Geryon, bestir thyself;
- The circles large, and the descent be little;
- Think of the novel burden which thou hast."
- Even as the little vessel shoves from shore,
- Backward, still backward, so he thence withdrew;
- And when he wholly felt himself afloat,
- There where his breast had been he turned his tail,
- And that extended like an eel he moved,
- And with his paws drew to himself the air.
- A greater fear I do not think there was
- What time abandoned Phaeton the reins,
- Whereby the heavens, as still appears, were scorched;
- Nor when the wretched Icarus his flanks
- Felt stripped of feathers by the melting wax,
- His father crying, "An ill way thou takest!"
- Than was my own, when I perceived myself
- On all sides in the air, and saw extinguished
- The sight of everything but of the monster.
- Onward he goeth, swimming slowly, slowly;
- Wheels and descends, but I perceive it only
- By wind upon my face and from below.
- I heard already on the right the whirlpool
- Making a horrible crashing under us;
- Whence I thrust out my head with eyes cast downward.
- Then was I still more fearful of the abyss;
- Because I fires beheld, and heard laments,
- Whereat I, trembling, all the closer cling.
- I saw then, for before I had not seen it,
- The turning and descending, by great horrors
- That were approaching upon divers sides.
- As falcon who has long been on the wing,
- Who, without seeing either lure or bird,
- Maketh the falconer say, "Ah me, thou stoopest,"
- Descendeth weary, whence he started swiftly,
- Thorough a hundred circles, and alights
- Far from his master, sullen and disdainful;
- Even thus did Geryon place us on the bottom,
- Close to the bases of the rough-hewn rock,
- And being disencumbered of our persons,
- He sped away as arrow from the string.