Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
Table of Contents
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Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
- Soon as the blessed flame had taken up
- The final word to give it utterance,
- Began the holy millstone to revolve,
- And in its gyre had not turned wholly round,
- Before another in a ring enclosed it,
- And motion joined to motion, song to song;
- Song that as greatly doth transcend our Muses,
- Our Sirens, in those dulcet clarions,
- As primal splendour that which is reflected.
- And as are spanned athwart a tender cloud
- Two rainbows parallel and like in colour,
- When Juno to her handmaid gives command,
- (The one without born of the one within,
- Like to the speaking of that vagrant one
- Whom love consumed as doth the sun the vapours,)
- And make the people here, through covenant
- God set with Noah, presageful of the world
- That shall no more be covered with a flood,
- In such wise of those sempiternal roses
- The garlands twain encompassed us about,
- And thus the outer to the inner answered.
- After the dance, and other grand rejoicings,
- Both of the singing, and the flaming forth
- Effulgence with effulgence blithe and tender,
- Together, at once, with one accord had stopped,
- (Even as the eyes, that, as volition moves them,
- Must needs together shut and lift themselves,)
- Out of the heart of one of the new lights
- There came a voice, that needle to the star
- Made me appear in turning thitherward.
- And it began: "The love that makes me fair
- Draws me to speak about the other leader,
- By whom so well is spoken here of mine.
- 'Tis right, where one is, to bring in the other,
- That, as they were united in their warfare,
- Together likewise may their glory shine.
- The soldiery of Christ, which it had cost
- So dear to arm again, behind the standard
- Moved slow and doubtful and in numbers few,
- When the Emperor who reigneth evermore
- Provided for the host that was in peril,
- Through grace alone and not that it was worthy;
- And, as was said, he to his Bride brought succour
- With champions twain, at whose deed, at whose word
- The straggling people were together drawn.
- Within that region where the sweet west wind
- Rises to open the new leaves, wherewith
- Europe is seen to clothe herself afresh,
- Not far off from the beating of the waves,
- Behind which in his long career the sun
- Sometimes conceals himself from every man,
- Is situate the fortunate Calahorra,
- Under protection of the mighty shield
- In which the Lion subject is and sovereign.
- Therein was born the amorous paramour
- Of Christian Faith, the athlete consecrate,
- Kind to his own and cruel to his foes;
- And when it was created was his mind
- Replete with such a living energy,
- That in his mother her it made prophetic.
- As soon as the espousals were complete
- Between him and the Faith at holy font,
- Where they with mutual safety dowered each other,
- The woman, who for him had given assent,
- Saw in a dream the admirable fruit
- That issue would from him and from his heirs;
- And that he might be construed as he was,
- A spirit from this place went forth to name him
- With His possessive whose he wholly was.
- Dominic was he called; and him I speak of
- Even as of the husbandman whom Christ
- Elected to his garden to assist him.
- Envoy and servant sooth he seemed of Christ,
- For the first love made manifest in him
- Was the first counsel that was given by Christ.
- Silent and wakeful many a time was he
- Discovered by his nurse upon the ground,
- As if he would have said, 'For this I came.'
- O thou his father, Felix verily!
- O thou his mother, verily Joanna,
- If this, interpreted, means as is said!
- Not for the world which people toil for now
- In following Ostiense and Taddeo,
- But through his longing after the true manna,
- He in short time became so great a teacher,
- That he began to go about the vineyard,
- Which fadeth soon, if faithless be the dresser;
- And of the See, (that once was more benignant
- Unto the righteous poor, not through itself,
- But him who sits there and degenerates,)
- Not to dispense or two or three for six,
- Not any fortune of first vacancy,
- 'Non decimas quae sunt pauperum Dei,'
- He asked for, but against the errant world
- Permission to do battle for the seed,
- Of which these four and twenty plants surround thee.
- Then with the doctrine and the will together,
- With office apostolical he moved,
- Like torrent which some lofty vein out-presses;
- And in among the shoots heretical
- His impetus with greater fury smote,
- Wherever the resistance was the greatest.
- Of him were made thereafter divers runnels,
- Whereby the garden catholic is watered,
- So that more living its plantations stand.
- If such the one wheel of the Biga was,
- In which the Holy Church itself defended
- And in the field its civic battle won,
- Truly full manifest should be to thee
- The excellence of the other, unto whom
- Thomas so courteous was before my coming.
- But still the orbit, which the highest part
- Of its circumference made, is derelict,
- So that the mould is where was once the crust.
- His family, that had straight forward moved
- With feet upon his footprints, are turned round
- So that they set the point upon the heel.
- And soon aware they will be of the harvest
- Of this bad husbandry, when shall the tares
- Complain the granary is taken from them.
- Yet say I, he who searcheth leaf by leaf
- Our volume through, would still some page discover
- Where he could read, 'I am as I am wont.'
- 'Twill not be from Casal nor Acquasparta,
- From whence come such unto the written word
- That one avoids it, and the other narrows.
- Bonaventura of Bagnoregio's life
- Am I, who always in great offices
- Postponed considerations sinister.
- Here are Illuminato and Agostino,
- Who of the first barefooted beggars were
- That with the cord the friends of God became.
- Hugh of Saint Victor is among them here,
- And Peter Mangiador, and Peter of Spain,
- Who down below in volumes twelve is shining;
- Nathan the seer, and metropolitan
- Chrysostom, and Anselmus, and Donatus
- Who deigned to lay his hand to the first art;
- Here is Rabanus, and beside me here
- Shines the Calabrian Abbot Joachim,
- He with the spirit of prophecy endowed.
- To celebrate so great a paladin
- Have moved me the impassioned courtesy
- And the discreet discourses of Friar Thomas,
- And with me they have moved this company."