Chapter 1 The Dark Forest. The Hill of Difficulty. The Panther, the Lion,
and the Wolf. Virgil.
Chapter 2 The Descent. Dante's Protest and Virgil's Appeal. Th_ntercession of the Three Ladies Benedight.
Chapter 3 The Gate of Hell. The Inefficient or Indifferent. Pope Celestin_. The Shores of Acheron. Charon. The Earthquake and the Swoon.
Chapter 4 The First Circle, Limbo: Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. Th_our Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy.
Chapter 5 The Second Circle: The Wanton. Minos. The Infernal Hurricane.
Francesca da Rimini.
Chapter 6 The Third Circle: The Gluttonous. Cerberus. The Eternal Rain.
Chapter 7 The Fourth Circle: The Avaricious and the Prodigal. Plutus.
Fortune and her Wheel. The Fifth Circle: The Irascible and the Sullen. Styx.
Chapter 8 Phlegyas. Philippo Argenti. The Gate of the City of Dis.
Chapter 9 The Furies and Medusa. The Angel. The City of Dis. The Sixt_ircle: Heresiarchs.
Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
Chapter 11 The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of th_nferno and its Divisions.
Chapter 12 The Minotaur. The Seventh Circle: The Violent. The Rive_hlegethon. The Violent against their Neighbours. The Centaurs. Tyrants.
Chapter 13 The Wood of Thorns. The Harpies. The Violent against themselves.
Suicides. Pier della Vigna. Lano and Jacopo da Sant' Andrea.
Chapter 14 The Sand Waste and the Rain of Fire. The Violent against God.
Capaneus. The Statue of Time, and the Four Infernal Rivers.
Chapter 15 The Violent against Nature. Brunetto Latini.
Chapter 16 Guidoguerra, Aldobrandi, and Rusticucci. Cataract of the Rive_f Blood.
Chapter 17 Geryon. The Violent against Art. Usurers. Descent into the Abys_f Malebolge.
Chapter 18 The Eighth Circle, Malebolge: The Fraudulent and the Malicious.
The First Bolgia: Seducers and Panders. Venedico Caccianimico. Jason. Th_econd Bolgia: Flatterers. Allessio Interminelli. Thais.
Chapter 19 The Third Bolgia: Simoniacs. Pope Nicholas III. Dante's Reproo_f corrupt Prelates.
Chapter 20 The Fourth Bolgia: Soothsayers. Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns,
Manto, Eryphylus, Michael Scott, Guido Bonatti, and Asdente. Virgil reproache_ante's Pity. Mantua's Foundation.
Chapter 21 The Fifth Bolgia: Peculators. The Elder of Santa Zita. Malacod_nd other Devils.
Chapter 22 Ciampolo, Friar Gomita, and Michael Zanche. The Malabranch_uarrel.
Chapter 23 Escape from the Malabranche. The Sixth Bolgia: Hypocrites.
Catalano and Loderingo. Caiaphas.
Chapter 24 The Seventh Bolgia: Thieves. Vanni Fucci. Serpents.
Chapter 25 Vanni Fucci's Punishment. Agnello Brunelleschi, Buoso degl_bati, Puccio Sciancato, Cianfa de' Donati, and Guercio Cavalcanti.
Chapter 26 The Eighth Bolgia: Evil Counsellors. Ulysses and Diomed.
Ulysses' Last Voyage.
Chapter 27 Guido da Montefeltro. His deception by Pope Boniface VIII.
Chapter 28 The Ninth Bolgia: Schismatics. Mahomet and Ali. Pier d_edicina, Curio, Mosca, and Bertrand de Born.
Chapter 29 Geri del Bello. The Tenth Bolgia: Alchemists. Griffolino d'
Arezzo and Capocchino.
Chapter 30 Other Falsifiers or Forgers. Gianni Schicchi, Myrrha, Adam o_rescia, Potiphar's Wife, and Sinon of Troy.
Chapter 31 The Giants, Nimrod, Ephialtes, and Antaeus. Descent to Cocytus.
Chapter 32 The Ninth Circle: Traitors. The Frozen Lake of Cocytus. Firs_ivision, Caina: Traitors to their Kindred. Camicion de' Pazzi. Secon_ivision, Antenora: Traitors to their Country. Dante questions Bocca degl_bati. Buoso da Duera.
Chapter 33 Count Ugolino and the Archbishop Ruggieri. The Death of Coun_golino's Sons. Third Division of the Ninth Circle, Ptolomaea: Traitors t_heir Friends. Friar Alberigo, Branco d' Oria.
Chapter 34 Fourth Division of the Ninth Circle, the Judecca: Traitors t_heir Lords and Benefactors. Lucifer, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius. Th_hasm of Lethe. The Ascent.
Chapter 1 The Shores of Purgatory. The Four Stars. Cato of Utica. The Rush.
Chapter 2 The Celestial Pilot. Casella. The Departure.
Chapter 3 Discourse on the Limits of Reason. The Foot of the Mountain.
Those who died in Contumacy of Holy Church. Manfredi.
Chapter 4 Farther Ascent. Nature of the Mountain. The Negligent, wh_ostponed Repentance till the last Hour. Belacqua.
Chapter 5 Those who died by Violence, but repentant. Buonconte d_onfeltro. La Pia.
Chapter 6 Dante's Inquiry on Prayers for the Dead. Sordello. Italy.
Chapter 7 The Valley of Flowers. Negligent Princes.
Chapter 8 The Guardian Angels and the Serpent. Nino di Gallura. The Thre_tars. Currado Malaspina.
Chapter 9 Dante's Dream of the Eagle. The Gate of Purgatory and the Angel.
Seven P's. The Keys.
Chapter 10 The Needle's Eye. The First Circle: The Proud. The Sculptures o_he Wall.
Chapter 11 The Humble Prayer. Omberto di Santafiore. Oderisi d' Agobbio.
Chapter 12 The Sculptures on the Pavement. Ascent to the Second Circle.
Chapter 13 The Second Circle: The Envious. Sapia of Siena.
Chapter 14 Guido del Duca and Renier da Calboli. Cities of the Arno Valley.
Denunciation of Stubbornness.
Chapter 15 The Third Circle: The Irascible. Dante's Visions. The Smoke.
Chapter 16 Marco Lombardo. Lament over the State of the World.
Chapter 17 Dante's Dream of Anger. The Fourth Circle: The Slothful.
Virgil's Discourse of Love.
Chapter 18 Virgil further discourses of Love and Free Will. The Abbot o_an Zeno.
Chapter 19 Dante's Dream of the Siren. The Fifth Circle: The Avaricious an_rodigal. Pope Adrian V.
Chapter 20 Hugh Capet. Corruption of the French Crown. Prophecy of th_bduction of Pope Boniface VIII and the Sacrilege of Philip the Fair. Th_arthquake.
Chapter 21 The Poet Statius. Praise of Virgil.
Chapter 22 Statius' Denunciation of Avarice. The Sixth Circle: Th_luttonous. The Mystic Tree.
Chapter 23 Forese. Reproof of immodest Florentine Women.
Chapter 24 Buonagiunta da Lucca. Pope Martin IV, and others. Inquiry int_he State of Poetry.
Chapter 25 Discourse of Statius on Generation. The Seventh Circle: Th_anton.
Chapter 26 Sodomites. Guido Guinicelli and Arnaldo Daniello.
Chapter 27 The Wall of Fire and the Angel of God. Dante's Sleep upon th_tairway, and his Dream of Leah and Rachel. Arrival at the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 28 The River Lethe. Matilda. The Nature of the Terrestria_aradise.
Chapter 29 The Triumph of the Church.
Chapter 30 Virgil's Departure. Beatrice. Dante's Shame.
Chapter 31 Reproaches of Beatrice and Confession of Dante. The Passage o_ethe. The Seven Virtues. The Griffon.
Chapter 32 The Tree of Knowledge. Allegory of the Chariot.
Chapter 33 Lament over the State of the Church. Final Reproaches o_eatrice. The River Eunoe.
Chapter 1 The Ascent to the First Heaven. The Sphere of Fire.
Chapter 2 The First Heaven, the Moon: Spirits who, having taken Sacre_ows, were forced to violate them. The Lunar Spots.
Chapter 3 Piccarda Donati and the Empress Constance.
Chapter 4 Questionings of the Soul and of Broken Vows.
Chapter 5 Discourse of Beatrice on Vows and Compensations. Ascent to th_econd Heaven, Mercury: Spirits who for the Love of Fame achieved great Deeds.
Chapter 6 Justinian. The Roman Eagle. The Empire. Romeo.
Chapter 7 Beatrice's Discourse of the Crucifixion, the Incarnation, th_mmortality of the Soul, and the Resurrection of the Body.
Chapter 8 Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus: Lovers. Charles Martel.
Discourse on diverse Natures.
Chapter 9 Cunizza da Romano, Folco of Marseilles, and Rahab. Neglect of th_oly Land.
Chapter 10 The Fourth Heaven, the Sun: Theologians and Fathers of th_hurch. The First Circle. St. Thomas of Aquinas.
Chapter 11 St. Thomas recounts the Life of St. Francis. Lament over th_tate of the Dominican Order.
Chapter 12 St. Buonaventura recounts the Life of St. Dominic. Lament ove_he State of the Franciscan Order. The Second Circle.
Chapter 13 Of the Wisdom of Solomon. St. Thomas reproaches Dante'_udgement.
Chapter 14 The Third Circle. Discourse on the Resurrection of the Flesh.
The Fifth Heaven, Mars: Martyrs and Crusaders who died fighting for the tru_aith. The Celestial Cross.
Chapter 15 Cacciaguida. Florence in the Olden Time.
Chapter 16 Dante's Noble Ancestry. Cacciaguida's Discourse of the Grea_lorentines.
Chapter 17 Cacciaguida's Prophecy of Dante's Banishment.
Chapter 18 The Sixth Heaven, Jupiter: Righteous Kings and Rulers. Th_elestial Eagle. Dante's Invectives against ecclesiastical Avarice.
Chapter 19 The Eagle discourses of Salvation, Faith, and Virtue.
Condemnation of the vile Kings of A.D. 1300.
Chapter 20 The Eagle praises the Righteous Kings of old. Benevolence of th_ivine Will.
Chapter 21 The Seventh Heaven, Saturn: The Contemplative. The Celestia_tairway. St. Peter Damiano. His Invectives against the Luxury of th_relates.
Chapter 22 St. Benedict. His Lamentation over the Corruption of Monks. Th_ighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars.
Chapter 23 The Triumph of Christ. The Virgin Mary. The Apostles. Gabriel.
Chapter 24 The Radiant Wheel. St. Peter examines Dante on Faith.
Chapter 25 The Laurel Crown. St. James examines Dante on Hope. Dante'_lindness.
Chapter 26 St. John examines Dante on Charity. Dante's Sight. Adam.
Chapter 27 St. Peter's reproof of bad Popes. The Ascent to the Nint_eaven, the 'Primum Mobile.'
Chapter 28 God and the Angelic Hierarchies.
Chapter 29 Beatrice's Discourse of the Creation of the Angels, and of th_all of Lucifer. Her Reproof of Foolish and Avaricious Preachers.
Chapter 30 The Tenth Heaven, or Empyrean. The River of Light. The Tw_ourts of Heaven. The White Rose of Paradise. The great Throne.
Chapter 31 The Glory of Paradise. Departure of Beatrice. St. Bernard.
Chapter 32 St. Bernard points out the Saints in the White Rose.
Chapter 33 Prayer to the Virgin. The Threefold Circle of the Trinity.
Mystery of the Divine and Human Nature.
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Chapter 10 Farinata and Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti. Discourse on th_nowledge of the Damned.
- Now onward goes, along a narrow path
- Between the torments and the city wall,
- My Master, and I follow at his back.
- "O power supreme, that through these impious circles
- Turnest me," I began, "as pleases thee,
- Speak to me, and my longings satisfy;
- The people who are lying in these tombs,
- Might they be seen? already are uplifted
- The covers all, and no one keepeth guard."
- And he to me: "They all will be closed up
- When from Jehoshaphat they shall return
- Here with the bodies they have left above.
- Their cemetery have upon this side
- With Epicurus all his followers,
- Who with the body mortal make the soul;
- But in the question thou dost put to me,
- Within here shalt thou soon be satisfied,
- And likewise in the wish thou keepest silent."
- And I: "Good Leader, I but keep concealed
- From thee my heart, that I may speak the less,
- Nor only now hast thou thereto disposed me."
- "O Tuscan, thou who through the city of fire
- Goest alive, thus speaking modestly,
- Be pleased to stay thy footsteps in this place.
- Thy mode of speaking makes thee manifest
- A native of that noble fatherland,
- To which perhaps I too molestful was."
- Upon a sudden issued forth this sound
- From out one of the tombs; wherefore I pressed,
- Fearing, a little nearer to my Leader.
- And unto me he said: "Turn thee; what dost thou?
- Behold there Farinata who has risen;
- From the waist upwards wholly shalt thou see him."
- I had already fixed mine eyes on his,
- And he uprose erect with breast and front
- E'en as if Hell he had in great despite.
- And with courageous hands and prompt my Leader
- Thrust me between the sepulchres towards him,
- Exclaiming, "Let thy words explicit be."
- As soon as I was at the foot of his tomb
- Somewhat he eyed me, and, as if disdainful,
- Then asked of me, "Who were thine ancestors?"
- I, who desirous of obeying was,
- Concealed it not, but all revealed to him;
- Whereat he raised his brows a little upward.
- Then said he: "Fiercely adverse have they been
- To me, and to my fathers, and my party;
- So that two several times I scattered them."
- "If they were banished, they returned on all sides,"
- I answered him, "the first time and the second;
- But yours have not acquired that art aright."
- Then there uprose upon the sight, uncovered
- Down to the chin, a shadow at his side;
- I think that he had risen on his knees.
- Round me he gazed, as if solicitude
- He had to see if some one else were with me,
- But after his suspicion was all spent,
- Weeping, he said to me: "If through this blind
- Prison thou goest by loftiness of genius,
- Where is my son? and why is he not with thee?"
- And I to him: "I come not of myself;
- He who is waiting yonder leads me here,
- Whom in disdain perhaps your Guido had."
- His language and the mode of punishment
- Already unto me had read his name;
- On that account my answer was so full.
- Up starting suddenly, he cried out: "How
- Saidst thou,—he had? Is he not still alive?
- Does not the sweet light strike upon his eyes?"
- When he became aware of some delay,
- Which I before my answer made, supine
- He fell again, and forth appeared no more.
- But the other, magnanimous, at whose desire
- I had remained, did not his aspect change,
- Neither his neck he moved, nor bent his side.
- "And if," continuing his first discourse,
- "They have that art," he said, "not learned aright,
- That more tormenteth me, than doth this bed.
- But fifty times shall not rekindled be
- The countenance of the Lady who reigns here,
- Ere thou shalt know how heavy is that art;
- And as thou wouldst to the sweet world return,
- Say why that people is so pitiless
- Against my race in each one of its laws?"
- Whence I to him: "The slaughter and great carnage
- Which have with crimson stained the Arbia, cause
- Such orisons in our temple to be made."
- After his head he with a sigh had shaken,
- "There I was not alone," he said, "nor surely
- Without a cause had with the others moved.
- But there I was alone, where every one
- Consented to the laying waste of Florence,
- He who defended her with open face."
- "Ah! so hereafter may your seed repose,"
- I him entreated, "solve for me that knot,
- Which has entangled my conceptions here.
- It seems that you can see, if I hear rightly,
- Beforehand whatsoe'er time brings with it,
- And in the present have another mode."
- "We see, like those who have imperfect sight,
- The things," he said, "that distant are from us;
- So much still shines on us the Sovereign Ruler.
- When they draw near, or are, is wholly vain
- Our intellect, and if none brings it to us,
- Not anything know we of your human state.
- Hence thou canst understand, that wholly dead
- Will be our knowledge from the moment when
- The portal of the future shall be closed."
- Then I, as if compunctious for my fault,
- Said: "Now, then, you will tell that fallen one,
- That still his son is with the living joined.
- And if just now, in answering, I was dumb,
- Tell him I did it because I was thinking
- Already of the error you have solved me."
- And now my Master was recalling me,
- Wherefore more eagerly I prayed the spirit
- That he would tell me who was with him there.
- He said: "With more than a thousand here I lie;
- Within here is the second Frederick,
- And the Cardinal, and of the rest I speak not."
- Thereon he hid himself; and I towards
- The ancient poet turned my steps, reflecting
- Upon that saying, which seemed hostile to me.
- He moved along; and afterward thus going,
- He said to me, "Why art thou so bewildered?"
- And I in his inquiry satisfied him.
- "Let memory preserve what thou hast heard
- Against thyself," that Sage commanded me,
- "And now attend here;" and he raised his finger.
- "When thou shalt be before the radiance sweet
- Of her whose beauteous eyes all things behold,
- From her thou'lt know the journey of thy life."
- Unto the left hand then he turned his feet;
- We left the wall, and went towards the middle,
- Along a path that strikes into a valley,
- Which even up there unpleasant made its stench.