### THE REMARKABLE DISCOVERIES OF MR. GEORGE SMITH
Interesting Particulars Respecting the Translations of the Assyrian Tablets i_he British Museum—Newly Discovered Facts About the Flood and Noah, Togethe_ith Some Light on the History of the Senator from Maine and the Settlement o_rooklyn.
Boston, April 26—Mr. Jacob Rounds of London, one of the assistant curators o_he British Museum, in a private letter to a distinguished Orientalist of thi_ity, gives some interesting particulars regarding the progress which has bee_ade in the arrangement and translation of the sculptured tablets and latere_octiles brought from Assyria and Chaldea by Mr. George Smith. The results o_he past three or four months are gratifying in the extreme. The work, whic_as begun three quarters of a century ago by Grotefend, and pursued b_rchaeologists such as Rask, St. Martin, Klaproth, Oppert, and th_ndefatigable Rawlinson, each of whom was satisfied if he carried it forward _ingle step, has been pushed far and fast by Mr. George Smith and hi_cholarly associates. The Assyrio-Babylonian cuneiforms, the third and mos_omplicated branch of the trilogy, may fairly be said to have found thei_edipus.
The riddles of Accad and of Sumir are read at last. The epigraphs on tablet_ug from the earth and rubbish of the Ninevite mounds are now translated b_r. George Smith as readily as Professor Whitney translates Greek, or a fifth-
term schoolboy, the fable of the man and the viper.
It is not many years since the learned Witte declared that these sphenographi_haracters, arranged so neatly upon the slabs of gray alabaster, or th_arefully prepared surface of clay—like specimen arrowheads in the museum o_ome ancient war department—were entirely without alphabetic significance,
mere whimsical ornaments, or perhaps the trail of worms! But their exegesi_as been perfected. The mounds of Nimroud, and Kouyunjik, and Khorsabad, an_ebbi Yunus have yielded up their precious treasures, and are now revealing,
page by page, the early history of our globe.
Mr. Smith and Mr. Rounds are both confirmed in the belief, first entertaine_y Westergaarde, that the cuneiform character is closely akin to the Egyptia_emotic; and also that its alphabet—which contains over four hundred signs,
some syllable, some phonetic, and some ideographic—is of the most complicate_nd arbitrary nature. As already intimated, the inscriptions which Mr. Smit_nd his colaborers have deciphered are in the primitive or Babylonia_haracter, which is much more obscure than either of its successors an_odifications, the so-called Persian and Median cunei.