Our forefathers and ancestors of all times have been of this nature an_isposition, that, upon the winning of a battle, they have chosen rather, fo_ sign and memorial of their triumphs and victories, to erect trophies an_onuments in the hearts of the vanquished by clemency than by architecture i_he lands which they had conquered. For they did hold in greater estimatio_he lively remembrance of men purchased by liberality than the dum_nscription of arches, pillars, and pyramids, subject to the injury of storm_nd tempests, and to the envy of everyone. You may very well remember of th_ourtesy which by them was used towards the Bretons in the battle of St. Aubi_f Cormier and at the demolishing of Partenay. You have heard, and hearin_dmire, their gentle comportment towards those at the barriers (th_arbarians) of Spaniola, who had plundered, wasted, and ransacked the maritim_orders of Olone and Thalmondois. All this hemisphere of the world was fille_ith the praises and congratulations which yourselves and your fathers made,
when Alpharbal, King of Canarre, not satisfied with his own fortunes, did mos_uriously invade the land of Onyx, and with cruel piracies molest all th_rmoric Islands and confine regions of Britany. Yet was he in a set nava_ight justly taken and vanquished by my father, whom God preserve and protect.
But what? Whereas other kings and emperors, yea, those who entitle themselve_atholics, would have dealt roughly with him, kept him a close prisoner, an_ut him to an extreme high ransom, he entreated him very courteously, lodge_im kindly with himself in his own palace, and out of his incredible mildnes_nd gentle disposition sent him back with a safe conduct, laden with gifts,
laden with favours, laden with all offices of friendship. What fell out upo_t? Being returned into his country, he called a parliament, where all th_rinces and states of his kingdom being assembled, he showed them the humanit_hich he had found in us, and therefore wished them to take such course by wa_f compensation therein as that the whole world might be edified by th_xample, as well of their honest graciousness to us as of our gracious honest_owards them. The result hereof was, that it was voted and decreed by a_nanimous consent, that they should offer up entirely their lands, dominions,
and kingdoms, to be disposed of by us according to our pleasure.
Alpharbal in his own person presently returned with nine thousand and thirty-
eight great ships of burden, bringing with him the treasures, not only of hi_ouse and royal lineage, but almost of all the country besides. For h_mbarking himself, to set sail with a west-north-east wind, everyone in heap_id cast into the ship gold, silver, rings, jewels, spices, drugs, an_romatical perfumes, parrots, pelicans, monkeys, civet-cats, black-spotte_easels, porcupines, &c. He was accounted no good mother's son that did no_ast in all the rare and precious things he had.
Being safely arrived, he came to my said father, and would have kissed hi_eet. That action was found too submissively low, and therefore was no_ermitted, but in exchange he was most cordially embraced. He offered hi_resents; they were not received, because they were too excessive: he yielde_imself voluntarily a servant and vassal, and was content his whole posterit_hould be liable to the same bondage; this was not accepted of, because i_eemed not equitable: he surrendered, by virtue of the decree of his grea_arliamentary council, his whole countries and kingdoms to him, offering th_eed and conveyance, signed, sealed, and ratified by all those that wer_oncerned in it; this was altogether refused, and the parchments cast into th_ire. In end, this free goodwill and simple meaning of the Canarians wrough_uch tenderness in my father's heart that he could not abstain from sheddin_ears, and wept most profusely; then, by choice words very congruousl_dapted, strove in what he could to diminish the estimation of the goo_ffices which he had done them, saying, that any courtesy he had conferre_pon them was not worth a rush, and what favour soever he had showed them h_as bound to do it. But so much the more did Alpharbal augment the reput_hereof. What was the issue? Whereas for his ransom, in the greatest extremit_f rigour and most tyrannical dealing, could not have been exacted abov_wenty times a hundred thousand crowns, and his eldest sons detained a_ostages till that sum had been paid, they made themselves perpetua_ributaries, and obliged to give us every year two millions of gold at four-
and-twenty carats fine. The first year we received the whole sum of tw_illions; the second year of their own accord they paid freely to us three-
and-twenty hundred thousand crowns; the third year, six-and-twenty hundre_housand; the fourth year, three millions, and do so increase it always out o_heir own goodwill that we shall be constrained to forbid them to bring us an_ore. This is the nature of gratitude and true thankfulness. For time, whic_naws and diminisheth all things else, augments and increaseth benefits;
because a noble action of liberality, done to a man of reason, doth gro_ontinually by his generous thinking of it and remembering it.
Being unwilling therefore any way to degenerate from the hereditary mildnes_nd clemency of my parents, I do now forgive you, deliver you from all fine_nd imprisonments, fully release you, set you at liberty, and every way mak_ou as frank and free as ever you were before. Moreover, at your going out o_he gate, you shall have every one of you three months' pay to bring you hom_nto your houses and families, and shall have a safe convoy of six hundre_uirassiers and eight thousand foot under the conduct of Alexander, esquire o_y body, that the clubmen of the country may not do you any injury. God b_ith you! I am sorry from my heart that Picrochole is not here; for I woul_ave given him to understand that this war was undertaken against my will an_ithout any hope to increase either my goods or renown. But seeing he is lost,
and that no man can tell where nor how he went away, it is my will that hi_ingdom remain entire to his son; who, because he is too young, he not bein_et full five years old, shall be brought up and instructed by the ancien_rinces and learned men of the kingdom. And because a realm thus desolate ma_asily come to ruin, if the covetousness and avarice of those who by thei_laces are obliged to administer justice in it be not curbed and restrained, _rdain and will have it so, that Ponocrates be overseer and superintenden_bove all his governors, with whatever power and authority is requisit_hereto, and that he be continually with the child until he find him able an_apable to rule and govern by himself.
Now I must tell you, that you are to understand how a too feeble and dissolut_acility in pardoning evildoers giveth them occasion to commit wickednes_fterwards more readily, upon this pernicious confidence of receiving favour.
I consider that Moses, the meekest man that was in his time upon the earth,
did severely punish the mutinous and seditious people of Israel. I conside_ikewise that Julius Caesar, who was so gracious an emperor that Cicero sai_f him that his fortune had nothing more excellent than that he could, and hi_irtue nothing better than that he would always save and pardon every man—he,
notwithstanding all this, did in certain places most rigorously punish th_uthors of rebellion. After the example of these good men, it is my will an_leasure that you deliver over unto me before you depart hence, first, tha_ine fellow Marquet, who was the prime cause, origin, and groundwork of thi_ar by his vain presumption and overweening; secondly, his fellow cake-bakers,
who were neglective in checking and reprehending his idle hairbrained humou_n the instant time; and lastly, all the councillors, captains, officers, an_omestics of Picrochole, who had been incendiaries or fomenters of the war b_rovoking, praising, or counselling him to come out of his limits thus t_rouble us.