**Of the counsels which Don Quixote gave Sancho Panza before he set out t_overn the island, together with other well-considered matters**
The duke and duchess were so well pleased with the successful and droll resul_f the adventure of the Distressed One, that they resolved to carry on th_oke, seeing what a fit subject they had to deal with for making it all pas_or reality. So having laid their plans and given instructions to thei_ervants and vassals how to behave to Sancho in his government of the promise_sland, the next day, that following Clavileno's flight, the duke told Sanch_o prepare and get ready to go and be governor, for his islanders were alread_ooking out for him as for the showers of May.
Sancho made him an obeisance, and said, "Ever since I came down from heaven,
and from the top of it beheld the earth, and saw how little it is, the grea_esire I had to be a governor has been partly cooled in me; for what is ther_rand in being ruler on a grain of mustard seed, or what dignity or authorit_n governing half a dozen men about as big as hazel nuts; for, so far as _ould see, there were no more on the whole earth? If your lordship would be s_ood as to give me ever so small a bit of heaven, were it no more than half _eague, I'd rather have it than the best island in the world."
"Recollect, Sancho," said the duke, "I cannot give a bit of heaven, no not s_uch as the breadth of my nail, to anyone; rewards and favours of that sor_re reserved for God alone. What I can give I give you, and that is a real,
genuine island, compact, well proportioned, and uncommonly fertile an_ruitful, where, if you know how to use your opportunities, you may, with th_elp of the world's riches, gain those of heaven."
"Well then," said Sancho, "let the island come; and I'll try and be such _overnor, that in spite of scoundrels I'll go to heaven; and it's not from an_raving to quit my own humble condition or better myself, but from the desir_ have to try what it tastes like to be a governor."
"If you once make trial of it, Sancho," said the duke, "you'll eat you_ingers off after the government, so sweet a thing is it to command and b_beyed. Depend upon it when your master comes to be emperor (as he will beyon_ doubt from the course his affairs are taking), it will be no easy matter t_rest the dignity from him, and he will be sore and sorry at heart to hav_een so long without becoming one."
"Senor," said Sancho, "it is my belief it's a good thing to be in command, i_t's only over a drove of cattle."
"May I be buried with you, Sancho," said the duke, "but you know everything; _ope you will make as good a governor as your sagacity promises; and that i_ll I have to say; and now remember to-morrow is the day you must set out fo_he government of the island, and this evening they will provide you with th_roper attire for you to wear, and all things requisite for your departure."
"Let them dress me as they like," said Sancho; "however I'm dressed I'll b_ancho Panza."
"That's true," said the duke; "but one's dress must be suited to the office o_ank one holds; for it would not do for a jurist to dress like a soldier, or _oldier like a priest. You, Sancho, shall go partly as a lawyer, partly as _aptain, for, in the island I am giving you, arms are needed as much a_etters, and letters as much as arms."
"Of letters I know but little," said Sancho, "for I don't even know the A B C;
but it is enough for me to have the Christus in my memory to be a goo_overnor. As for arms, I'll handle those they give me till I drop, and then,
God be my help!"
"With so good a memory," said the duke, "Sancho cannot go wrong in anything."
Here Don Quixote joined them; and learning what passed, and how soon Sanch_as to go to his government, he with the duke's permission took him by th_and, and retired to his room with him for the purpose of giving him advice a_o how he was to demean himself in his office. As soon as they had entered th_hamber he closed the door after him, and almost by force made Sancho sit dow_eside him, and in a quiet tone thus addressed him: "I give infinite thanks t_eaven, friend Sancho, that, before I have met with any good luck, fortune ha_ome forward to meet thee. I who counted upon my good fortune to discharge th_ecompense of thy services, find myself still waiting for advancement, whil_hou, before the time, and contrary to all reasonable expectation, sees_hyself blessed in the fulfillment of thy desires. Some will bribe, beg,
solicit, rise early, entreat, persist, without attaining the object of thei_uit; while another comes, and without knowing why or wherefore, finds himsel_nvested with the place or office so many have sued for; and here it is tha_he common saying, 'There is good luck as well as bad luck in suits,' applies.
Thou, who, to my thinking, art beyond all doubt a dullard, without earl_ising or night watching or taking any trouble, with the mere breath o_night-errantry that has breathed upon thee, seest thyself without more ad_overnor of an island, as though it were a mere matter of course. This I say,
Sancho, that thou attribute not the favour thou hast received to thine ow_erits, but give thanks to heaven that disposes matters beneficently, an_econdly thanks to the great power the profession of knight-errantry contain_n itself. With a heart, then, inclined to believe what I have said to thee,
attend, my son, to thy Cato here who would counsel thee and be thy polesta_nd guide to direct and pilot thee to a safe haven out of this stormy se_herein thou art about to ingulf thyself; for offices and great trusts ar_othing else but a mighty gulf of troubles.
"First of all, my son, thou must fear God, for in the fear of him is wisdom,
and being wise thou canst not err in aught.
"Secondly, thou must keep in view what thou art, striving to know thyself, th_ost difficult thing to know that the mind can imagine. If thou knowes_hyself, it will follow thou wilt not puff thyself up like the frog tha_trove to make himself as large as the ox; if thou dost, the recollection o_aving kept pigs in thine own country will serve as the ugly feet for th_heel of thy folly."
"That's the truth," said Sancho; "but that was when I was a boy; afterward_hen I was something more of a man it was geese I kept, not pigs. But to m_hinking that has nothing to do with it; for all who are governors don't com_f a kingly stock."
"True," said Don Quixote, "and for that reason those who are not of nobl_rigin should take care that the dignity of the office they hold h_ccompanied by a gentle suavity, which wisely managed will save them from th_neers of malice that no station escapes.
"Glory in thy humble birth, Sancho, and be not ashamed of saying thou ar_easant-born; for when it is seen thou art not ashamed no one will set himsel_o put thee to the blush; and pride thyself rather upon being one of lowl_irtue than a lofty sinner. Countless are they who, born of mean parentage,
have risen to the highest dignities, pontifical and imperial, and of the trut_f this I could give thee instances enough to weary thee.
"Remember, Sancho, if thou make virtue thy aim, and take a pride in doin_irtuous actions, thou wilt have no cause to envy those who have princely an_ordly ones, for blood is an inheritance, but virtue an acquisition, an_irtue has in itself alone a worth that blood does not possess.
"This being so, if perchance anyone of thy kinsfolk should come to see the_hen thou art in thine island, thou art not to repel or slight him, but on th_ontrary to welcome him, entertain him, and make much of him; for in so doin_hou wilt be approved of heaven (which is not pleased that any should despis_hat it hath made), and wilt comply with the laws of well-ordered nature.
"If thou carriest thy wife with thee (and it is not well for those tha_dminister governments to be long without their wives), teach and instruc_er, and strive to smooth down her natural roughness; for all that may b_ained by a wise governor may be lost and wasted by a boorish stupid wife.
"If perchance thou art left a widower—a thing which may happen—and in virtu_f thy office seekest a consort of higher degree, choose not one to serve the_or a hook, or for a fishing-rod, or for the hood of thy 'won't have it;' fo_erily, I tell thee, for all the judge's wife receives, the husband will b_eld accountable at the general calling to account; where he will have repa_n death fourfold, items that in life he regarded as naught.
"Never go by arbitrary law, which is so much favoured by ignorant men wh_lume themselves on cleverness.
"Let the tears of the poor man find with thee more compassion, but not mor_ustice, than the pleadings of the rich.
"Strive to lay bare the truth, as well amid the promises and presents of th_ich man, as amid the sobs and entreaties of the poor.
"When equity may and should be brought into play, press not the utmost rigou_f the law against the guilty; for the reputation of the stern judge stand_ot higher than that of the compassionate.
"If perchance thou permittest the staff of justice to swerve, let it be not b_he weight of a gift, but by that of mercy.
"If it should happen thee to give judgment in the cause of one who is thin_nemy, turn thy thoughts away from thy injury and fix them on the justice o_he case.
"Let not thine own passion blind thee in another man's cause; for the error_hou wilt thus commit will be most frequently irremediable; or if not, only t_e remedied at the expense of thy good name and even of thy fortune.
"If any handsome woman come to seek justice of thee, turn away thine eyes fro_er tears and thine ears from her lamentations, and consider deliberately th_erits of her demand, if thou wouldst not have thy reason swept away by he_eeping, and thy rectitude by her sighs.
"Abuse not by word him whom thou hast to punish in deed, for the pain o_unishment is enough for the unfortunate without the addition of thin_bjurgations.
"Bear in mind that the culprit who comes under thy jurisdiction is but _iserable man subject to all the propensities of our depraved nature, and s_ar as may be in thy power show thyself lenient and forbearing; for though th_ttributes of God are all equal, to our eyes that of mercy is brighter an_oftier than that of justice.
"If thou followest these precepts and rules, Sancho, thy days will be long,
thy fame eternal, thy reward abundant, thy felicity unutterable; thou wil_arry thy children as thou wouldst; they and thy grandchildren will bea_itles; thou wilt live in peace and concord with all men; and, when life draw_o a close, death will come to thee in calm and ripe old age, and the ligh_nd loving hands of thy great-grandchildren will close thine eyes.
"What I have thus far addressed to thee are instructions for the adornment o_hy mind; listen now to those which tend to that of the body."